AP U.S. History 1.3 Period 5: 1848-1877

AP U.S. History: Religion and Reform in Antebellum America Drill 1, Problem 2. How did the creation of Kansas affect the country's political landscape?

AP U.S. HistoryPeriod 5: 1848-1877
Enthusiasm for ExpansionIncreased Migration to the West
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

00:15

All right, how did the creation of Kansas - right here -

00:17

affect the country's political landscape?

00:20

And here are the potential answers.

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[ glass breaks ]

00:22

[ mumbles ]

00:25

[ mumbling continues ]

00:27

All right. Let's start with how exactly Kansas

00:30

came to be. Like what was the IPO of Kansas.com.

00:33

Well, in 1854 Congress passed the

00:35

Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed residents to vote

00:38

on whether or not slavery would be allowed

00:40

in the new Kansas territory.

00:42

Well, since this was taking place just a few years

00:44

before the Civil War, you better believe things got a little heated.

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Let's see which answer best describes what took place.

00:50

Did the creation of Kansas affect the landscape by A -

00:53

deescalating political tensions?

00:55

Huh. Quite the opposite actually. [ buzz ]

00:58

The addition of another free state would have

01:00

tilted the balance away from slavery. So it stoked

01:02

tensions between the slave owners and abolitionists.

01:05

That knocks out A and D. Bye.

01:08

Did the creation of Kansas C -

01:10

disillusion voters and hurt voter turnout?

01:13

Well, there were many problems when Kansas arrived on the scene,

01:16

but poor voter turnout was not one of them.

01:18

In fact, supporters of both sides flooded the state

01:21

hoping to swing the outcome of the election in their direction.

01:24

Which means the creation of Kansas affected the political landscape

01:27

by B - leading to the creation of sectional parties.

01:30

[ party horn sounds ]

01:32

Slavery was such a contentious issue

01:33

that the traditional two-party political system

01:36

could no longer support the intricacies

01:38

and fervor of the debate.

01:40

Smaller sectional parties began cropping up

01:42

across the country - most notably the Republican party

01:45

which was founded in opposition to slavery.

01:48

You know the Kansas-Nebraska split was so intense,

01:51

we wonder what happened to drive a wedge

01:53

between the Dakotas. Hmm.

01:56

[ party horn sounds ]