AP U.S. History 2.3 Period 3: 1754-1800. Settler expansion encouraged by the Northwest Ordinance had what effect on Indian-colonist relations?
|AP U.S. History||Period 3: 1754–1800|
|Growing Tensions Following Independence||The Northwest Ordinance|
[ mumbling continues ]
All right, and now the question:
Settler expansion encouraged by the Northwest Ordinance
had what effect on Indian-colonist relations?
And here are your potential answers.
[ drumbeat ]
Well, we know that the Northwest Ordinance
created new territories for American
colonists who wanted to move to the, uh, well... north and west.
So we just need to figure out what kind of impact
that had on relations with American Indians.
Did the Northwest Ordinance affect
Indian-colonist relations by
A - facilitating greater
interaction and understanding?
Well, the Ordinance did mandate that colonists
should act with the utmost good faith with regard to
American Indian tribes, but they didn't.
And the American Indians were pretty upset.
Makes sense, right? Colonists were moving
onto land that had traditionally belonged to American Indians.
So they were bound to be some problems.
Yeah, A is out.
Did settler expansion from the Northwest Ordinance
B - encourage the American Indians
to align with the French?
Actually, most of the American Indians
in this part of the U.S. were allied amongst themselves,
even though their combined power still wasn't enough
to defeat the colonists. So that eliminates B, as well.
But maybe the Northwest Ordinance C -
allowed the British to gain greater control of the area.
Well, remember the 1783 Treaty of Paris?
That was the treaty between the British and the Americans
that ended the American Revolution.
And part of the Treaty was that the British would
leave the Northwest territories alone.
Sort of a "you stay out of my backyard,
and I'll stay out of yours." kind of deal.
So it definitely isn't C.
That must mean the Northwest Ordinance D -
produced conflicts that shrank Indian territory.
Oh, boy, did it ever.
As colonists pressed further west,
they came into conflict more and more often with
Indian Americans. And after the U.S. army suffered
several humiliating defeats in the area,
George Washington commissioned a new fighting force
that defeated a confederation of American Indian tribes,
forcing them to cede much of their territory,
which is how we got Ohio.
So the answer is D.
Sort of gives a whole new meaning to the word
[ whooping ]