AP U.S. History 2.5 Period 5: 1848-1877. In general, how did Southerners react to the wave of Northerners who migrated to the South after the Civil War?
|AP U.S. History||Period 5: 1848-1877|
|Continued Debate over Rights and Citizenship||Migrants and Migrant Communities|
|Reconstruction||Land Ownership in the South|
In general, how did Southerners react to the wave of Northerners
who migrated to the South after the Civil War?
And here are your potential answers.
[ water glugs ]
[ mumbles ]
[ mumbling continues ]
All right, you know the big migration of former slaves
to the North following the war? Well, there was also
a big migration of Northerners coming down to the South.
Some of them were abolitionists relocating for the noble work
of improving access to education.
The not-so-noble were businessmen looking to profit
from the chaos following five years of destructive conflict.
So let's see which answer best describes how Southerners reacted
to the folks who rode that midnight train down to Georgia.
Well, in general, did Southerners react to the wave of Northerners
with the feeling that A - they needed the Northerners' technical knowledge?
Well, actually, the economy remained predominantly agriculture-based
in the years following the war, so there wouldn't have been
any big need to share in technical knowledge.
So it's not A. Did Southerners
B - welcome the Reconstruction aid Northerners provided?
Well, they say there's no such thing as a free lunch,
and in the Southerners' case, there were a whole bunch
of strings attached to the relief coming from the North.
So that knocks out B.
Would Southerners have C - appreciated that Northerners
would accept low wages?
All those Northern businessmen that flooded the region after the war, you kidding?
Well, they were looking for a quick buck in bottom-rate prices.
So low wages definitely were not on the table.
So it can't be C, either.
Which means that Southerners D - mistrusted Northerners
and accused them of exploitation.
Four years of fighting brewed a lot of bad blood,
so when Northerners flooded the region following their victory,
Southerners were none too pleased with what they found
regardless of the Northerners' intentions.
So D is the right answer, and it looks like Reconstruction
might have been a few tools short of a toolbox.
[ hammer bangs ]