AP U.S. History Diagnostic 1

AP U.S. History Diagnostic 1. Relationships like the one shown in the image resulted in the development of...what?

APAP U.S. History
AP U.S. HistoryExam
LanguageEnglish Language
Test PrepAP U.S. History
The Columbian Exchange and the Spanish Empire in the Western HemisphereThe Spanish Caste System
U.S. HistoryAP U.S. History

Transcript

00:14

resulted in the development of... what?

00:17

And don't say film.

00:18

And here are your potential answers.

00:20

[ mumbles ]

00:24

All right. What can we take from this picture?

00:27

We see that the guy has a lollipop or a rattle of some kind,

00:30

and the baby has a shaker.

00:32

So we know these people are fond of accessories.

00:35

Also, the caption says the family has a

00:37

"mestizo child."

00:39

So we know that we're dealing with the mixing of ethnicities

00:42

common during Spanish colonization of South America.

00:45

Let's check out the answers and see if we can

00:47

DTR (define the result) of this relationship.

00:51

Did relationships like this one result in the development of

00:55

a smallpox outbreak?

00:57

Well, sure relationships can be toxic -

00:59

you watch reality TV? - but smallpox feels a little extreme.

01:03

And besides, the conquistadores spread smallpox

01:06

way before these interracial marriages started to occur,

01:09

so we're about two to three hundred years too late for that.

01:12

So that knocks out A.

01:13

Would these mixed relationships have led to B - the encomienda system?

01:18

Well, actually, these relationships were in many ways a result

01:21

of the encomienda system.

01:23

Spanish settlers would forcibly assemble a workforce

01:26

of American Indians and, because of the lack of Spanish

01:28

female settlers, plantation owners would

01:31

"marry" the women working for them.

01:34

So that eliminates B.

01:36

Could these kinds of relationships have resulted in C - the African slave trade?

01:40

Hmm. Well, let's think that one through.

01:42

The African slave trade came about in South America

01:45

partially because the native population perished

01:48

from infectious diseases,

01:50

not because they suddenly started marrying wealthy Spaniards.

01:54

That eliminates C, as well.

01:56

Which means that relationships like the one in the image

01:58

resulted in the development of D - a complex caste system.

02:03

So, whoop, there it is. The Spanish were very open to

02:06

intermixture with Native Americans,

02:09

unlike their English brethren up north,

02:11

which eventually led to the development of a complex caste system

02:15

based on race. So D is the correct answer.

02:18

By the end of the Spanish colonial period, there were over 100

02:22

different types of racial categorization.

02:25

Sounds like OCD,

02:27

obsessive caste disorder.

02:29

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