AP U.S. History Diagnostic 11

AP U.S. History Diagnostic 11. The election results shown in the image led to...what?

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Southern SecessionLincoln's Election and Secession
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Transcript

00:16

led to... what? And here are your potential answers.

00:19

[ buzzing ] [ mumbling ]

00:23

[ mumbling continues ]

00:26

All right. Abraham Lincoln's election brought a largely anti-slavery

00:31

party to the White House, which didn't sit too well with

00:33

many slave-owning Southerners.

00:35

So let's see which answer best describes the country's

00:38

change in posture - like that,

00:40

sit up straight -

00:41

following Lincoln's ascendency as president.

00:45

Did the election results in the image lead to A -

00:48

the secession of West Virginia from Virginia?

00:51

Well, the two states did in fact split

00:54

by late 1861,

00:55

but this was more of a result of events that transpired

00:58

because of the 1860 election.

01:01

So we're two degrees removed here. So not A.

01:04

Could this election have led to B -

01:06

the permanent division of the Democratic Party?

01:09

Well, the nation's political landscape was even more divided

01:12

following the 1860 election, but in the years

01:15

following the Civil War, the two-party system was largely restored,

01:19

with Democrats coming back together and offshoots

01:21

like the Constitutional Union party dying out.

01:24

So that knocks out B and D.

01:26

Which means that the 1860 election led to C -

01:29

the secession of several Southern states from the Union.

01:34

Concerned that Lincoln would abolish slavery,

01:36

which - spoiler alert - he did,

01:38

many Southern states decided to secede from the Union,

01:41

leading to the U.S. Civil War.

01:43

So the correct answer is C.

01:46

In fact, some Southern states had seceded

01:48

before Lincoln was even inaugurated as president.

01:51

Talk about jumping the gun.