AP U.S. History Diagnostic 11. The election results shown in the image led to...what?
|AP||AP U.S. History|
|AP U.S. History||Exam|
|Social Studies||AP U.S. History|
|Southern Secession||Lincoln's Election and Secession|
|Test Prep||AP U.S. History|
|U.S. History||AP U.S. History|
led to... what? And here are your potential answers.
[ buzzing ] [ mumbling ]
[ mumbling continues ]
All right. Abraham Lincoln's election brought a largely anti-slavery
party to the White House, which didn't sit too well with
many slave-owning Southerners.
So let's see which answer best describes the country's
change in posture - like that,
sit up straight -
following Lincoln's ascendency as president.
Did the election results in the image lead to A -
the secession of West Virginia from Virginia?
Well, the two states did in fact split
by late 1861,
but this was more of a result of events that transpired
because of the 1860 election.
So we're two degrees removed here. So not A.
Could this election have led to B -
the permanent division of the Democratic Party?
Well, the nation's political landscape was even more divided
following the 1860 election, but in the years
following the Civil War, the two-party system was largely restored,
with Democrats coming back together and offshoots
like the Constitutional Union party dying out.
So that knocks out B and D.
Which means that the 1860 election led to C -
the secession of several Southern states from the Union.
Concerned that Lincoln would abolish slavery,
which - spoiler alert - he did,
many Southern states decided to secede from the Union,
leading to the U.S. Civil War.
So the correct answer is C.
In fact, some Southern states had seceded
before Lincoln was even inaugurated as president.
Talk about jumping the gun.