ASVAB Paragraph Comprehension 2.5 Vocabulary-In-Context. "Ingenious" most nearly means what?
|ASVAB English||Paragraph Comprehension|
All right, check out the following passage.
Paper wasps gather fibers from trees and plants and mix these
fibers with saliva - ew, gross -
in order to create water-resistant nests.
Paper wasp nests are ingeniously
complex in their construction and durability. [narrator reading a passage]
The wasps also secrete a chemical which repels ants,
which can threaten the eggs and offspring of the paper wasps.
All right, "ingenious"
most nearly means... what?
Inside genius? [music playing in the background]
[ mumbles ] All right.
Well, apparently, wasp nests are pretty elaborate. [a paper wasp enjoying in a Jacuzzi pool]
As a matter of fact, we wouldn't be surprised to find a miniature day spa
and an exercise bike in there. Yeah.
But we've gotta hand it to you wasps. You're pretty dazzling.
Let's get into the question.
The passage's emphasis on their impressive
and complicated nature gives us a hint in defining "ingenious." [a laser beam from a paper wasp nest killing ants]
Now, elements of the wasp nest are certainly strategic,
like its elaborate anti-ant defense mechanisms,
but the passage also emphasizes other elements,
like its water resistance and durability. [a paper wasp flying a spacecraft]
It's not just an army base, all right?
So strategic isn't the best choice.
And the writer's emphasizing more than just
that the nests are extremely complex, right?
That complexity serves a purpose. [a man watching a movie in a theater]
Unlike Christopher Nolan movies.
Ingenious doesn't mean extremely, so C's gotta go.
And nothing about the functional saliva and fiber-based
secretion-filled construction implies elegance or beauty. [a man talking to a woman]
Body secretions are rarely attractive.
So we can get rid of option D, too.
But all of the layers of defenses and traps [ two paper wasps discussing something]
do imply that the nest is clever and well-designed,
making option A the closest definition to "ingenious."
Isn't it comforting to know that these vicious
biting pests are also pretty smart? [a paper wasp posting a piece of paper on the fridge]
[ chuckles ] Yeah, maybe we'll just stay indoors.
[ glass breaks ]