Branches of Government
If our government were a tree, it would be a sad one—only three branches. The three branches of the government look like this: judicial, legislative, and executive. The executive branch includes the president and his administration; the judicial includes the Supreme Court and the federal court system; the legislative branch makes laws and includes the House of Representatives and the Senate.
|Texas EOC||U.S. History EOC Assessment|
|U.S. History EOC Assessment||History|
This document we’re writing is a big deal. [Framed document of US Constitution]
It’s going to be the foundation on which our nation will be built…
… so we’d better make it a good one.
We don’t want to have to go adding a bunch of “amendments” years from now.
That would be embarrassing.
Okay, so one of our foremost goals is to create a system of checks and balances.
We’ve had some… not-so-great experiences with British kings and parliament… [British King outside Parliament]
…and we don’t exactly want to follow in their tyrannical footsteps.
In our opinion, having all the power in the hands of only a few is an epic fail.
So we’re setting out to create a system of government where no individual or institution [Cat on a podium]
can acquire tyrannical power.
We’re dividing everything into three branches…
…and Judicial. [Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches appear from a tree]
No one branch holds more power than the others…
… so they can keep tabs on each other and make sure nobody gets out of line.
Alright. Let's start here.
The Legislative and Executive branches can also help the Supreme Court when one of the [Legislative branch holding stop sign as executive branch appears]
Justices needs to cross the street…
Let’s be honest.
A few of them are getting up there in years…
The Legislative branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate…
It’s their job to vote on laws, or pieces of legislation.
Or to… get all stubborn and fight with members of the opposing party, or… whatever. [Man arguing with a branch]
The Executive branch includes the President and Vice-President…
…but also cabinet members, like the Secretary of… well, just about everything.
Education, Agriculture, Transportation, and so on.
If you’re going to be a secretary, this is the kind of secretary to be. [Woman secretary in an office]
You’ll get at least an extra zero or two on your paycheck.
Finally, you’ve got the Judicial branch.
Here, we’ve got the Supreme Court, which oversees all court systems in the entire country. [Judicial branch and judge bangs a gavel]
The Supreme Court trumps all decisions made by lower courts…
…so they can basically swoop in and say, “Aw, heck no!”
And then write their own decision that they feel is more just.
It is the Supreme Court’s job to correctly interpret, enforce and judge important court
cases according to the laws of the land…
…some of which have just been drawn up by the President…
…and put in place by Congress…
See how everything comes full circle?
Well, I’d better get back to work.
Benji’s getting antsy.
That guy does not believe in taking breaks. [Alexander Hamilton and Benjamin Franklin appears behind him]
Good thing we’re not making him President…