ELA 11 5.2: William Lloyd Garrison

Oh, William Lloyd Garrison and his radical ideas... like... you know... freedom and equality. Weird, right?

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Transcript

00:26

dad ditched the family when Garrison was just a kid which meant young William had [young boy at a drink stand selling lemonade]

00:29

to go to work at an early age you know kinda like the Olsen twins by the time

00:35

he was 13 however garrison had found his destiny he got a gig at a local paper as

00:40

a writer and editor young William wasn't just a wonderful [William Garrison scribbling on paper while a house burns]

00:45

journalist though he was also a devout Christian who believed that his purpose

00:48

in life was to crusade against sin and reform the people and institutions

00:52

around him it's nice to have a higher purpose even when that higher purpose [A man with a sword knocking on a door]

00:56

gets a lot of doors slammed in your face at the age of 25 Garrison decided to

01:01

hop onto the right side of history and become an abolitionist while there were

01:06

other abolitionists in the US at the time none of them really knew what they [two people reading about abolitionists]

01:09

were doing should slavery be abolished immediately or gradually should freed

01:15

slaves be allowed to stay in the US they're shipped back to Africa with

01:18

was slavery and moral and religious problems or a legal and political one shouldn't [a man stood beside a bible and a USA flag]

01:23

slave owner to abuse their slaves be burned at the stake beheaded or drawn

01:27

and quartered so many questions initially Garrison was associated with

01:32

the American Colonization Society which was a group that wanted to send all free [men carrying another man to a boat to send him away from the country]

01:36

blacks to Africa where they'd be happy and free but when Garrison realized that

01:40

the society really just wanted to ditch all free blacks in order to preserve

01:44

slavery he nope right out of there on January 1st 1831 Garrison published

01:49

[newspaper article titled the liberator] the first edition of his abolitionist newspaper The Liberator it was a

01:54

showcase for his extremely radical views you should have heard the way this guy

01:59

thought you should eat a pizza slice and not only did Garrison believe that every

02:03

slave in the US should have been freed like yesterday but he also thought [Garrison attempting to free a slave]

02:07

blacks could assimilate into American society garrison was also a fan of

02:10

non-violence and passive resistance and his delightful combination of banana pants

02:14

crazy and VW driving hippie earned him enough of following that he helped form [people following another man dressed in bright color clothing and sunglasses]

02:19

two societies to push or immediate emancipation however by 1840 the

02:24

American anti-slavery society that Garrison belonged to had split the man

02:28

was just too radical and not in the totally rad kind of way not only did [Garrison riding a skateboard and falling off]

02:33

Garrison despise political parties and believe that women should be

02:36

evolutionist too but he was more than happy to yell at anybody who wasn't [Garrison carrying a flaming pitchfork yelling at other people]

02:40

ready to burn down the system like he was in the 1850s Garrison got into it

02:45

with Frederick Douglass a former slave and formidable writer and speaker Douglas

02:49

believed that the US Constitution could be used to end slavery Garrison believed [US constitution holding a sword to make a slave free]

02:53

that the US Constitution was an inherently pro-slavery document they

02:57

also had different opinions about which way to hang a roll of toilet paper the

03:01

two men couldn't agree to disagree and they never reconciled by the time [Garrison and Douglass fighting each other]

03:05

Abraham Lincoln had rolled into the White House with his bad self Garrison

03:09

had been an abolitionist for 30 years he gave his full support to Lincoln's

03:13

Emancipation Proclamation and after the 13th amendment passed in 1865 garrison [a document of the 13th amendment]

03:19

shut the Liberator down his mission to end slavery accomplished Garrison's

03:24

newspaper never had a circulation above 3,000 and it hemorrhaged money every [a huge stock pile of unsold newspapers]

03:28

year it was in print Garrison's influence never extended beyond New

03:32

England and his views were never in line with the majority opinion and yet he was

03:37

important garrison was one of the few who pointed out over and over again that [man pointing to the declaration of independence and US constitution]

03:42

while the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution said one thing

03:45

the US government practiced something completely different plus he believed

03:50

the idea of life liberty and the pursuit of happiness we're supposed to extend

03:54

every American no matter the color of their skin [A diverse line of american citizens smiling]