ELA 3: Letter Perfect

News Flash: Letters make noises. And not just when they step on legos. Today we'll talk about how people learn these noises and how they fit together.

3rd GradeLanguage Arts
Elementary and Middle School3rd Grade
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

00:25

any words.

00:26

See, speaking starts with sounds – just like “goo-goo” and “ga-ga”––that

00:30

we then use like building blocks to make words.

00:33

We call this “phonics,” which is a term that describes the relationship between letters, [Coop pointing at a blackboard]

00:37

sounds, and meaning.

00:38

It's all about learning to recognize that certain letters have certain sounds, as well [Dino pointing at a blackboard]

00:42

as learning to recognize that certain sounds are either soft or hard.

00:45

Though we wouldn't recommend snuggling in bed with any sounds…let's leave that job [Girl looking scared in bed]

00:49

to the teddy bears.

00:50

Anyway, phonics isn't just about letter sounds –

00:52

it's about the sounds of letter combinations, too!

00:55

See, we've got our vowels... that's A, E, I, O and U.

00:58

And we also have our consonants, that's B, C, D, F.... well…you get the picture.

01:03

So while phonics allows us to recognize that an “L” makes a “luh” sound, it also

01:07

allows us to recognize many common letter combinations, too. [Glass of lemonade]

01:11

Like how an “l-d” sounds like “uhld” as in “old.”

01:15

And “l-t” sounds like “uhlt” as in “bolt.”

01:18

And “m-p” sounds like “uhmp” as in “lamp.”

01:21

Sometimes, letter combinations can sound differently depending on the word. [Dino pointing at a blackboard]

01:25

For example, “c-h” sounds hard in words like “Chief” and “Choose” but sounds

01:30

soft in words like “choir” and “character.”

01:33

“S-c” also has both a hard and soft sound, like “scary” and “scold” versus

01:38

“science” and “scenic.”

01:40

Phonics also helps us to remember those so-weird-they-barely-make-any-sense sounds, [Coop pointing at a blackboard]

01:45

like how “p-h” actually makes

01:48

a “fff” sound like in “phone” and “phonetics.”

01:51

English is a wacky, wacky language. [Woman wearing a weird joker style costume]

01:54

But on the bright side, once you've practiced reading and using all of these sounds, you'll [Man reading in a classroom]

01:58

be able to decode and learn more and more difficult words in a jiffy!

02:02

In other words, reading is entirely built on these very basic sounds.

02:05

All thanks to phonics!

02:06

So get crackin', and pretty soon, words like this will be easy as pie… [List of long words]

02:10

Just…don't ask us to pronounce any of those… [Guy holding pies]

02:13

seriously, an "s" and a "g"? [The word sgraffito]

02:15

That's even worse than the whole "p-h" debacle.