News Flash: Letters make noises. And not just when they step on legos. Today we'll talk about how people learn these noises and how they fit together.
|3rd Grade||Language Arts|
|Elementary and Middle School||3rd Grade|
See, speaking starts with sounds – just like “goo-goo” and “ga-ga”––that
we then use like building blocks to make words.
We call this “phonics,” which is a term that describes the relationship between letters, [Coop pointing at a blackboard]
sounds, and meaning.
It's all about learning to recognize that certain letters have certain sounds, as well [Dino pointing at a blackboard]
as learning to recognize that certain sounds are either soft or hard.
Though we wouldn't recommend snuggling in bed with any sounds…let's leave that job [Girl looking scared in bed]
to the teddy bears.
Anyway, phonics isn't just about letter sounds –
it's about the sounds of letter combinations, too!
See, we've got our vowels... that's A, E, I, O and U.
And we also have our consonants, that's B, C, D, F.... well…you get the picture.
So while phonics allows us to recognize that an “L” makes a “luh” sound, it also
allows us to recognize many common letter combinations, too. [Glass of lemonade]
Like how an “l-d” sounds like “uhld” as in “old.”
And “l-t” sounds like “uhlt” as in “bolt.”
And “m-p” sounds like “uhmp” as in “lamp.”
Sometimes, letter combinations can sound differently depending on the word. [Dino pointing at a blackboard]
For example, “c-h” sounds hard in words like “Chief” and “Choose” but sounds
soft in words like “choir” and “character.”
“S-c” also has both a hard and soft sound, like “scary” and “scold” versus
“science” and “scenic.”
Phonics also helps us to remember those so-weird-they-barely-make-any-sense sounds, [Coop pointing at a blackboard]
like how “p-h” actually makes
a “fff” sound like in “phone” and “phonetics.”
English is a wacky, wacky language. [Woman wearing a weird joker style costume]
But on the bright side, once you've practiced reading and using all of these sounds, you'll [Man reading in a classroom]
be able to decode and learn more and more difficult words in a jiffy!
In other words, reading is entirely built on these very basic sounds.
All thanks to phonics!
So get crackin', and pretty soon, words like this will be easy as pie… [List of long words]
Just…don't ask us to pronounce any of those… [Guy holding pies]
seriously, an "s" and a "g"? [The word sgraffito]
That's even worse than the whole "p-h" debacle.