Learning about analogies with Shmoop is like eating a delicious cake. It's easy as pie.
|5th Grade||Language Arts|
|Elementary and Middle School||5th Grade|
And we bet that won't make you roll your…
…Okay, fine, whatever, roll away…
Anyway. That's where analogies come in, [Coop talking about analogies]
Analogies are comparisons of two things that seem different.
The analogy’s job is to highlight what they actually have in common. [Brother playing guitar and mother gives sister a guitar]
So analogies are like the moms of the word world...
And that, right there, was also an analogy. Analogy-ception. [A couple watching a film at the theater]
Sounds like a fun movie…someone see if Leo is available to film it…
Anyway, a classic simple analogy would be something like this: Cold is to winter…
… as hot is to summer.
You’ll commonly see analogies written in the format of
"one blank" is to "one blank" – -- as "another blank" is to "another blank."
And, yes, Taylor Swift did write a song about this very concept. [Taylor Swift sitting in a chair]
I’ve got a blank space, baby…and I'll write an analogy.
Something like that, anyway.
So simple analogies are pretty straightforward, like this:
Earrings are to ears as bracelets are to wrists.
Unless you're trying to look super rebellious, or something... [Man wearing bracelets on his ears and earrings on his wrists]
Or turkey is to Thanksgiving as candy is to Halloween.
Or cats are to witches as dragons are to evil wizards.
There are also complex analogies which are, well…more complex. [Dino discussing complex analogies]
For example, we might make a complex analogy by saying that losing a friend…
… is like being struck by a ball of fire.
They both burn. Heh. Get it? Complex analogies are pretty fun, and a great way to pass the [Two women driving in a car]
time on a long road trip.
In literature, writers use analogies to give readers a clear mental image of an idea that
might be complicated or unfamiliar. Comparing the unfamiliar thing to something more common [Man thinking about a golfer]
helps the reader understand what the author is saying.
In this sense, analogies work a lot like metaphors and similes,
though analogies tend to be more complex.
So “analogies” are to “similes and metaphors”…
… as “smartphones” are to “tin cans.” [A smart phone beside two tin cans]
Because…people used to use tin cans to communicate…
No? Man…we're feeling pretty prehistoric right about now… [Man stood with tin-can]