ELA 5: Protagonist vs. Antagonist

Most people think Peter Pan was the protagonist, but all we see is a young boy who kidnaps a whole bunch of kids and terrorizes an old one-handed man. Peter Pantagonist, more like.

5th GradeLanguage Arts
Elementary and Middle School5th Grade
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

00:31

Mind maps are a visual way of organizing ideas about a topic.

00:35

And they’re pretty useful for school, too.

00:37

Sometimes––or…maybe a lot of the time–

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–you’ll have lots of different ideas about a topic.

00:42

With the mind map, we can organize these different ideas into a more manageable form.

00:46

We can even use subcategories, which are probably going to become your new favorite things.

00:50

And all of this in turn can help lead to thinking about a topic in a new, organized way!

00:56

Mind maps are also a great tool for meta-cognition…

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… which is just a fancy word that means “thinking about thinking.”

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Like you’re doing right now.

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Oooh….it's like we're inside of your brain…

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…Wow. You think a lot about pizza.

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Anyway. Let's hit pause on the whole "pizza" thing and try an example.

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Step 1 – Blank sheet of paper. Bam! Already nailing it.

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Step 2 - Put your main topic – or what you want to brainstorm about - in a circle in

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the middle of the map.

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Let’s say the main topic for our essay is going to be “cats”. So we write it down.

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Clawsome.

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Now we let our minds run wild and think about things related to cats…

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… let’s see… there’s cats in the wild…

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… cats as pets…

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… cat food…

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… cat litter…

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… Cats the musical…

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Ever heard the phrase “no wrong answers”? That really applies here.

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Anything related to the main topic that you draw in your map is going to be useful.

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If, after this initial brainstorming, you’re still uncertain as to what you want to write

01:49

about, you can divide some of your ideas into subcategories.

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Remember? Your new favorite things? Raindrops on roses and subcategories on mind maps.

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So for instance, with “Cats as pets.”

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There’s famous cats…

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There’s cats being revered in Ancient Egypt…

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There's your doofy cat stepping on your face at seven AM and waking you up…

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And so on and so forth.

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Once you’re done brainstorming, look at your whole map, and look for connections that

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might be the basis of an essay you’d enjoy writing.

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For example, maybe you want to write an essay comparing how cats were revered in Ancient

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Egypt to how they’re viewed today.

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And there you go. All it took was a mind map to get from a bunch of random ideas to a well-thought

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out essay.

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Just keep it away from Mr. Fluffers.

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This is why we can’t have nice things…