Finance: What are Securities?
What are securities? Using the word securities is just a fancy way to say investments, for the most part. These particular investments include stock/stock options and bonds.
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Trusts and Estates
you see in the beginning of security? well it's not there by accident, so
financially speaking a security secures money. or at least value. when you buy a [100 dollar bill]
security, you give money to someone or something like a corporation. and in
return you get a promise of some value. securities come in two flavors generally
the first is equity ,or ownership. a share of stock is a security entitling you to
whatever percentage ownership and that company the share represents. like if you
bought 500 shares in a company with ten million shares outstanding well that
security represents ownership of five hundred divided by ten million or point [pie chart]
zero zero zero zero five percent of the company.
so that's equity. there's also debt as a security. that's the second thing. like
bonds the bond that Apple offered at four percent yield that pays off in ten
years? yeah that's a bond security. and note [woman sits behind computer]
that securities can carry different guarantees. that is the underlying
promise that the security represents or secures different elements. like a senior
bond security secures that those bonds will be paid off ahead of junior bonds
which will be paid off before say subordinated junior debentures. so you
can see that there are multiple classes and flavors and types of securities all
falling under this tent, which fortunately for everyone doesn't smell
like it's been sucked for four years. good grief. come back next [Linus holds his blankie]
time for another finance lesson a la shmoop and hopefully he'll have washed
this thing by then.