Finance: Who is Keynes?

Who was John Maynard Keynes, and how did he contribute to economics?

College and CareerPersonal Finance
CoursesFinance Concepts
FinanceFinance Definitions
Financial Responsibility
Personal Finance
Finance and EconomicsTerms and Concepts
LanguageEnglish Language
Life SkillsFinance Definitions
Personal Finance
SubjectsFinance and Economics
Terms and ConceptsCareers
Econ

Transcript

00:32

Jurassic Park but a lot of people don't know that so you get that information

00:35

for free at Shmoop. All right well the book was published in 1936 written in

00:40

the middle of the Depression when spending was hugely well declining and [Pictures of people during the depression]

00:45

the notion of putting all your cash in your mattress was actually not such a [Hand sliding cash under a bed]

00:49

bad idea at least it didn't appear that way at the time. Keynes also wrote that [Keynes writing at a desk]

00:54

once employment dropped a new balance with low employment was created and the

01:00

depression might continue on and on and on unless the government started

01:04

spending to you know kind of stimulate the economy and fix things and get [Chargers being attached to the economy]

01:08

things going again well according to Keynes the big

01:11

solution aside from lowering taxes so that the wealthy would spend more in

01:15

hire bartenders for their wild and crazy parties was to have the government spend [Someone spraying champagne and the bartender is drinking it]

01:19

and spend and spend to get things moving economically even if it meant that the [People passing a dollar along]

01:23

government had to go into debt to do so well the big goal here was to stimulate

01:27

demand and this went against the ideas that economists had before i.e. that

01:32

the economy would eventually correct itself no interference needed well not

01:37

everyone likes Keynes ideas but President Roosevelt and the rest of the [People chucking tomatoes and Keynes presentation]

01:41

administration eventually did create what was called the New Deal which took

01:45

on a broadly Keynesian quality of bigmama government taking care of us it [American Economy as a baby]

01:51

was characterized by major and unprecedented government interventions

01:55

in the economy tons of spending and that's where that whole thing about [Someone giving out 100 dollar bills]

01:59

paying people to dig a hole and then fill it back up it all came from people [Someone digs a hole and then puts the dirt back in]

02:03

kind of did that... Well Keynes also believed that the

02:06

economy could not function on its own it needed parental help to correct it [Parents pushing a kid along on his bike]

02:11

kind of always that is in times of depression [They let go and he speeds up and starts screaming]

02:14

the government needed to lower taxes and increase spending or the economy would

02:17

stay in a funk like a generally unfed cranky child and at the other end of the [Kid sat on a toy bike crying]

02:22

stick to control inflation like when times were good and everyone was

02:26

employed and people were spending and spending and spending well then the

02:29

government needed to raise taxes and decrease spending and little things

02:33

matter a lot in Keynesian economics. Witness the multiplier effect and no [Blackboard full of complicated equations]

02:38

this has nothing to do with rabbits it's kind of like that TV commercial you know [Rabbit in snow]

02:42

or the woman with the awesome hair well she tells two friends about her

02:46

conditioner and they tell two friends who tell two friends who tell two

02:49

friends who then tell these guys it's a multiplier. [People on the phone to each other]

02:52

It grows fast that is a government tax cut puts an extra 5 grand in the

02:56

hands of a lawyer who spends most of that five grand on well yes parties [Confetti falling]

03:00

because that's what they do you got to to offset being a lawyer employing caterers

03:04

and deploying his friend Mr. Walker black who then deploys money on wheat

03:09

and rye distilleries such that while the tax cut of five grand ends up being an [Money cascading down through all the people]

03:15

economic stimulus of some ten to twenty times that number like 5 grand becomes a [Small pile labelled tax cut next to big pile of cash labelled economic stimulus]

03:21

hundred grand or something like that in GDP.

03:23

Well Keynesian demand focused ideas went on to dominate academic and government

03:27

thinking about political economy through the 1960s right about the time the first

03:32

edition of everybody poops hit the shelves... [Someone taking 'everybody poops' off a library shelf]

03:35

okay so Keynes didn't write that one but you know still stimulating the economy

03:39

stimulating your bowels yeah six and one half a dozen on the other and it's all [Someone sat in a toilet cubicle]

03:43

about your !$%*