Parallel Lines and Transversals

This video explores parallel lines and transversals: how to identify them both on a math test and in real life urban planning. What do the consecutive interior angles tell us? What about the corresponding angles? How can we tell if two lines are parallel to each other?

GeometryParallel and Perpendicular Lines
LanguageEnglish Language
Parallel and Perpendicular LinesParallel Lines

Transcript

00:25

stand by their partner. They stay by each other's sides forever. That's love.

00:30

Besides, it's more romantic than having one wild encounter and then parting ways afterwards.

00:34

When a transversal cuts across two parallel lines, it forms eight angles.

00:36

If the measure of angle 1 is 110 degrees, what are the measures of the other 7 angles?

00:39

Sounds like a lot of work, but it's not as bad as you might think.

00:43

First, we can see that angles 1 and 3 are vertical angles, and we know that vertical

00:48

angles are always congruent… in other words, they have equal measurements.

00:50

So angle 3 has a measure of 110 degrees, too.

00:53

It also helps to know that corresponding angles…

00:55

…or angles that are in the same position relative to the parallel lines and the transversal…

00:57

…are also congruent.

00:57

In this case, the corresponding angle to angle 1 is angle 5…

00:59

…because it's above the parallel line and to the left of the transversal. So angle 5

01:02

is also 110 degrees. Wait. So angles 3 and 5 are congruent, too?

01:03

Actually… yes.

01:03

They're both on the interior between the two parallel lines and on alternate sides of the

01:06

transversal, so we call them alternate interior angles.

01:06

All alternate interior angles are congruent. There's one more angle that's 110 degrees,

01:09

and that's angle 7.

01:09

Angle 1 and angle 7 are both on the exterior of the parallel lines and alternate sides

01:11

of the transversal, so they're called alternate exterior angles.

01:13

Alternate exterior angles are also congruent, and we can check that using vertical angles

01:16

or corresponding angles.

01:16

Yup, looks like 110 degrees to us. Those are all the odd angles, but what about

01:20

the evens? We know that a straight angle, or a line,

01:22

has 180 degrees.

01:22

Since any even angle makes a linear pair with an odd angle, any even angle is supplementary

01:24

to an odd angle.

01:25

That means the even angles have a measure of 180 minus 110… or 70 degrees.

01:26

And ta-da! You now have all your angles. So don’t forget to include parallel lines

01:29

when listing the world’s great love stories.

01:29

And as a bonus tip… don’t ever try to get between Paula Deen and her butter.