Present/Past Participles

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Grammar & PunctuationGrammar
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

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as a man with a six pack and amazing grammar

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Yeah well it's we think round here all right present

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and past participles or two of the five ferb forms

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that verbs khun take for example say we have the

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verb swim The present participle of this verb is swimming

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and the past participle is swamp We'll say we have

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the verb laugh Well the president part of simple of

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this herb is laughing and the past participle is laugh

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Okay Now hopefully we've all caught on to the fact

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that the present participles always end in ng i n

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g that convenient or what We love english All right

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Past participles air trickier While the past participles of regular

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verbs and in e d irregular verbs can end in

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all sorts of different ways For example the past participle

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of the verb bring is brought and the past participle

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Of the verb singh is sunk so just be aware

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that there are no patterns to pick up on when

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it comes to past participles and sometimes a lot of

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curve balls in there right right We've mentioned that president

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past participles make up two of the five verb forms

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but part of symbols are used for more than just

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action Not only can they appear is multipart verbs they

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can also be used as a noun sor adjectives though

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they have the scent joe is boiling beneath the hot

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summer sun Well the word boiling is the present participle

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and it's incorporated into a multipart ver by the auxiliary

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verb is note that it doesn't matter whether the participle

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in the multi part verb is in the present or

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the past tense participles as verbs require auxiliary verbs so

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we can take our sample Wilton's joe is boiling beneath

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the hot summer sun and change it to read joe

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was boiling beneath the hot summer sun or joe has

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boiled beneath the hot summer sun or joe was boiled

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by the hot summer sun was boiling has boiled and

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was boiled are all combinations of auxiliary verbs like woz

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And has And the president part of simple boiling or

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the past participle boiled Got all that All right let's

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look at what happens when an irregular verb wants a

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piece of the action Their senses Joe is taking a

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nap on the beach Taking is the present participle of

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the verb take while taken is the past participle at

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it So with this particular irregular verb we could change

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our example to read Joe was taking a nap on

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the beach or joe has taken a nap on the

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beach No matter what combination of auxiliary verbs and present

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past participles we use here napping on the beach is

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a great way for a lifeguard to get fired Right

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joe way could tell you that from personal experience that

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they don't want to sleep Separate issue All right let's

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move on How we use participles as now This only

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applies to present participles which when used his now nes

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are called jared Yeah it's Not that guy from subway

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Jo enjoys whistling at the pretty girls near his lifeguard

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station jared whistling is the direct object of the verb

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enjoys trotting out into the surf to help the occasional

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swimmer exhaust joe well here the jared trotting is the

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subject of the verb exhausts Joe eat a slice of

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pizza instead of helping the guy who lost his dog

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We'll hear the parent helping is the direct object of

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the proposition instead of and we're going to guess that

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our lifeguard hasn't seen the movie jobs Well the dog

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was the first to go missing joe Maybe there's a

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shark in the water and you know all right Well

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jones can appear all over the place as subjects director

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in direct objects subject compliments and objects of proposition Part

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of simple zzzz adjectives can also pop up anywhere either

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in past or present Tense form Damn Say we have

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the sense the mangled body was swept onto the beach

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by the crashing waves Well the present participle crashing describes

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the word wave while the past participle mangled describes the

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word bodies here's another sentence Jo abandoned the beach when

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the terrifying shark up here well the present participle terrifying

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describes the word shark here's Another sense Fortunately two guys

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showed up one with a gleaming oxygen tank the other

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with a loaded gun Here the president part of simple

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Gleaming describes the oxygen take while the past participle loaded

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describes the word gun At least someone on this beach

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is steven spielberg Action Alright whether they're being used is

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down Two adjectives or parts of herb present past participles

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work hard unlike joe who should have paid more attention

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to what was going on in the water than to 00:05:00.02 --> [endTime] his beloved Action