SAT Reading: Passage Comparison Drill 4, Problem 2
|Foreign Language||Arabic Subtitled|
|Information and Ideas||Interpreting words and phrases in context|
|Product Type||SAT Reading|
|Reading closely||Interpreting words and phrases in context|
|SAT Reading||Passage Comparison|
According to the passage, one of the immigration laws of the late 19th century was aimed at
preventing "destitute" people from coming to the United States for the sole purpose
of going on welfare.
By following this train of thought, we can conclude that the law thought people without
money would want to apply for money from the government. So, basically, we're looking
for a word that means "poor."
Being poor might be kind of depressing, but not having any money doesn't necessarily
mean that you're sad all the time.
So Choice (A) is a no. The prefix "de" in front of "stabilized"
reminds us that the word refers to something that's been made unstable. Being "destitute"
is most likely not a very stable situation...
But--again--these two words don't always go hand in hand. Choice (B) is out.
When a person is distinguished it usually means that they're super good at something
and everybody thinks they're awesome.
We've never heard of anybody who was "distinguished" for being poor, so we're gonna scratch (C).
"Partial" means to be biased toward or in favor of something...
But when you add the prefix "im," which usually means "not," to the word it suddenly
means the opposite: "not partial."
Of course, being impartial doesn't have much to do with being poor either, so (D) is rejected.
Okay, here's one of the few examples of when the prefix "im" doesn't mean "not."
"Impoverished" comes from the root word poverty, which is the state of being extremely
poor. If our rule about "im" meaning "not" was true here, then "impoverished" would
mean "not poor."
However, in this case the prefix takes on one of its alternative meanings: "within."
So, impoverished means to be "within a state of poverty" and refers to anyone who's
This, of course, matches the definition of "destitute" for which we've been looking;
so (E) is the correct answer.