Social Studies 5: Historical Black Colleges

Just because the American Civil War was over didn't mean that everything was suddenly hunky-dory. It wasn't even hunky-nemo.

5th GradeSocial Studies
Elementary and Middle School5th Grade
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

00:25

See, after the end of the Civil War, the South entered what's known as the Reconstruction

00:30

Era.

00:31

The whole point of this period was to, well, reconstruct society and try to make the South

00:36

normal again after they got their butts kicked by the North. [Robert E. Lee saying the South surrenders]

00:39

And a big part of that included giving all the freed slaves the rights that they deserved. [The 13th to 15th amendments to the constitution]

00:44

Right-fully so.

00:45

Heh.

00:46

Get it?

00:47

So the U.S. government launched a federal agency known as the Freedmen's Bureau.

00:51

Don’t know what that means?

00:53

Say it slower.

00:55

Freed.

00:56

Men.

00:57

Ah, words.

00:58

Just like Legos.

00:59

Put two of ‘em together, and you get a boat. [A pile of words is connected together]

01:00

…That might only work for Legos, come to think of it… [The pile of words fall apart and a kid locks shocked]

01:02

Anyway, this bureau, along with the American Missionary Association, were the first to

01:06

establish colleges in the country specifically for African Americans. [Coop pointing at a blackboard]

01:10

But why was doing this so important?

01:12

Well, because education is super important, and everybody deserves one! [Dino pointing at a blackboard]

01:17

Just like everybody deserves a nap once in a while.

01:20

Including us…just…give us a minute…..or twenty…. [Someone asleep on a couch]

01:26

Ah, refreshing.

01:27

Anyway, back to the topic at hand. [Person wakes up]

01:29

Early African American colleges included Hampton University, established in 1868 in Virginia,

01:36

Howard University, established in 1867 in Washington DC, and Fisk University, established [Pictures of the colleges]

01:41

in 1866 in Nashville.

01:44

Each school had its own emphasis, whether it was industrial training, liberal arts,

01:48

or a broad range of college courses.

01:50

We hope that included "how to waste time on the internet". [Lecturer next to blackboard that says 'wasting time on the internet']

01:53

…We're pretty sure we'd ace that class.

01:55

Anyway.

01:56

Each of the colleges shared one quality: they were established with the intention of serving

02:00

the African American community, though they have always allowed admission to all races.

02:05

Other notable Historical Black Colleges include Morehouse College located in Atlanta and known [Coop and Dino showing pictures]

02:10

for producing many African American leaders including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and

02:15

Alcorn State in Mississippi, notable for being the first black college in America to focus

02:19

on agriculture and mechanics.

02:22

And those schools are just a few of the 107 total historically black colleges in the United

02:27

States today, all of which continue to produce a significant portion of African American

02:32

college graduates each year.

02:34

For the record, there is a college class about wasting time on the internet. [Coop next to a picture of the University of Pennsylvania]

02:37

Time for us to go back to college…just as soon as we finish this Buzzfeed quiz….