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|English I EOC Assessment||Tenses and Verbals|
|Essay Writing||Writing Elements and Process|
|Grammar & Punctuation||Grammar|
had knownwere going to...
would have saved You dont have to think twice about saying a big fat phrase
in English a language with 12-16 tenses depending on who you ask but you probably
dont even know what to call the tenses you use in English every day.
So uh step away from the spandex for a secondand lets talk tenses.
Present perfect simple past perfect progressive conditional perfect the way we talk about tenses in
English just sounds like word diarrhea.
But if we break it down its all just a matter of time when
somethings happening and for how long.
First youve got your basic tenses past present future and conditional.
You know this stuff.
It either already happened or its happening or it will happen and if its conditional
it depends on something else happening.
The conditional is usually the then part of an if-then statement and it uses would
could or should.
Like when your mom says if you had finished your Spanish homework I would have
taken you to see the One Direction movie.
Anyway if we stopped there the English language would have just four tenses.
Four boring tenses.
Things would have to happen one after the other.
You could never be doing one thing while your friend did something else.
Thats why weve got ways to describe those tenses simple progressive and perfect.
All these words do is make the time of the tense even more specific.
Simple means that the emphasis is on the verb being executed.
That is you do something and then its finished.
Progressive --sometimes called continuous-- means that the emphasis is on duration being in the process
of doing something.
A progressive verb is making progress you could say.
Perfect means that the action has already happened but is significant in the present tense.
It uses the helper verb to have.
This one will make more sense in a second.
And now its just a mix-and-match game four basic tenses three descriptors.
To make sure weve got this down lets try it out bring out the presents
not that kind of present.
Simple present I speak. Simple.
The focus is on the action.
You speak and then youre done speaking.
Present Progressive I am speaking.
Its progressive because it emphasizes the process of the action.
Youre in the middle of speaking.
Present perfect simple I have spoken.
This ones perfect because it uses have as a helper.
Plus its already happened hes done speaking but its still important for the present.
Really anybody who says I have spoken thinks theyre important for the present and its
simple because its about the execution of the verb not the process.
Present perfect progressive I have been speaking.
Again its perfect because of the have and progressive because the focus is on the
process of speaking.
So weve got these seven basic terms past present future conditional simple progressive perfect
and with all the tenses all youve gotta do is take em apart term-by-term and
see what theyre made of.
Its better than losing to a guy in hot pink spandex ... NOTE end of file