U.S. History 1877-Present 1: The Second Great Awakening
Shmoop had a second great awakening this morning...we still hit snooze, though. Third time's the charm, right?
|U.S. History||U.S. History 1877-Present|
Star Wars: Attacks of the Clones, really?
Sometimes, they're so much like the original... [man angrily walking out of a movie theater]
that they make us get, you know,
major deja vu.
We're looking at you, Hangover 2. [image of a poster from the movie Hangover 2]
But some sequels, get it just right.
Thank you, Dark Knight and every...
iteration of Toy Story. [ Batman standing in front of a building on fire]
Why'd we just go on a rant about sequels?
Because we're about to talk about one of the greatest...
sequels in American history: the Second Great Awakening. [a man happy and excited with his hands up]
It had everything the first Great Awakening...
had like outdoor camp meetings, [a boy trying to take a nap]
talk of sin and damnation,
empowerment for the regular, non-elite folks, [ a man riding a motor bike through a vegetable market]
emphasis on the individual's...
relationship with God.
Like any good sequel, it had enough new twists to make... [people screaming on a roller coaster ride]
the audience go wild.
There were fresh ideas like free will... [ a man dancing on his head]
can maybe help you avoid...
hell; Good things can actually...
happen; and women and African-Americans... [ image of gifts wrapped in colorful paper]
actually have a place in religious life.
Not only were major changes happening in established churches, [picture of a church]
but new churches were also popping up all over the place.
Upstate New York even got the nickname, the
because of all the revivalist action it was gettin'.
The burned-over district, [a district burnt over]
not hard to see why they don't use that on their upstate tourist ads.
Well, church membership soared, and...
new denominations were popping up like... [people raising their hands towards the sky]
tiny plastic moles wearing unusual...
Many people believed they were living....
in a spiritual awakening, a comic... [man with his hands up facing the sun]
event signaling the final days of history.
Other believed religious zealotry... [a city full of smoke]
was running amok. Across the country...
most without official training, [ image of 3 men floating over a map]
built followings among the common people,
ready to go with a brand of religion [a stage with disco lights]
with more pizzazz.
Rather than adding confetti cannons,
these new evangelists preached.. [a man dancing]
that God's grace was free...
and available to all.
Salvation was non-predetermined, [image of a man and an angel]
or set aside for a tiny few,
as the Calvinists had believed for years.
Praying hard and asking for forgiveness was enough to... [a girl praying with her fingers interlocked]
convinced God to give mercy to anyone who asked.
The message that every individual was...
valuable and equal in the eyes of God... [colorful lights beaming through a window]
sounded especially great to slaves...
and free blacks.
Many slaves converted to the new evangelical...
denominations during the Second Great Awakening. [small kids dancing]
They were often more welcome there than...
the traditional churches. [man in front of a stage waving]
Still, slave owners didn't want slaves...
to organize their own church services...
for fear that it would lead to rebellion.
So sometimes slave owners tried to put the... [ 2 men dressed in suit and a hat talking to each other]
kibosh on their slaves' newfound religious enthusiasm.
Women were also excited by these... [ a watermelon exploding into pieces]
new churches and some of them even ended up...
The message is that the Second Great Awakening suddenly made... [a woman praying in a church]
equality between men and women look...
like an actual possibility. [man and woman relaxing at a beach]
Score 1 for girl power...finally.
Of course, it wasn't all sunshine and lollipops.
New converts experienced some seriously... [man holding a base ball bat in his hand]
harsh and sometime violent discrimination.
Some people are just no good with change.