ACT English 1.1 Organization
ACT English: Organization Drill 1, Problem 1. Which transition works best?
|English I EOC Assessment||Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs|
|Essay Revision||Coherence, Organization, and Word Choice|
Rhetorical Effectiveness and Use of Organization
|Expository Texts||Rhetorical Devices and Transistions|
|Oral and Written Conventions||Parts of Speech|
|Product Type||ACT English|
Organization: Sentences and Paragraphs
relate one idea in a sentence to the next.
Each one is like a bridge that tells us the relationship between the place we're leaving
and the place we're headed.
The sentence in question is in bad need of a transition word that expresses some kind
We've got two basic ideas: the speaker smells like citrus, and he or she doesn't have oranges.
These two ideas are kind of at odds with each other, right? Therefore we need a transition
word that gets across this contradictory relationship.
So, we know we can eliminate choice (A).
"Because" is used when one thing is directly caused by the next. It's used for showing
logical linkages, not contradictions.
(B) is wrong because "unless" tries to make oranges conditional on the smell of citrus.
If it said something like, "Unless I have oranges, I won't smell like citrus," then
it would make more sense.
That isn't an option, however. So we can eliminate choice (B).
(D) gives us the introductory phrase "on the contrary." Introductory phrases set the stage
for the sentence to come, and they always require a comma to set them apart.
Choice (D) has no comma and sounds like total gobbledygook.
Because of its punctuation error, we don't have to give (D) another thought.
Choice (C) correctly uses the transition word "although."
It sets up the contradiction we've been looking for, making it understood that this person
smells like citrus even though he or she doesn't have any.
Our best guess is that the speaker ate all the oranges before he or she arrived, leaving
none for anybody else. What a jerk.