ACT English 1.2 Organization
ACT English: Organization Drill 1, Problem 2. Picking the right transition word.
|English I EOC Assessment||Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs|
|Essay Revision||Coherence, Organization, and Word Choice|
Rhetorical Effectiveness and Use of Organization
|Expository Texts||Rhetorical Devices and Transistions|
|Product Type||ACT English|
Organization: Sentences and Paragraphs
exist in the same slacker world.
We have to keep this relationship in mind as we try to find the right transition word
or phrase to connect these ideas.
Choice (A) sets up the wrong relationship by using "despite." This word usually
sets up some kind of contrast. "My grandma is cool, despite all the camouflage she wears,"
would be an example.
We're not in the market for contrast in this sentence, however, so (A) is off the
(B) is incorrect because this sentence stands alone, not as an example.
Something like this might have worked: "That kid was always slacking. For example, he was
continually late and always forgot his backpack."
We're trying to find the word or phrase that shows how these two things go together,
not how one is an example of the other.
Choice (C) is an incorrect usage of the transition "furthermore."
"Furthermore" is what's known as a conjunctive adverb, not a disease, and it's typically used to relate
two independent clauses to each other.
Something like, "I was late; furthermore, I had forgotten my backpack," would be on
the right track.
The trouble here is that "being late" is not an independent clause, meaning that's
it not a sentence that can stand on its own.
Also, "furthermore" comes before the two ideas we're trying to connect, rather than
in between them.
(D) wins the day by using the prepositional phrase "in addition to," which correctly
relates "being late" with the independent clause "I had also forgotten my backpack
in the bus."
Hey, at least there are worse times
to be late.