ACT English 1.2 Sentence Structure
ACT English: Sentence Structure Drill 1, Problem 2. What punctuation do we need between these clauses?
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Subordination and Coordination
The word "although" at the top of the sentence signals that the first clause is dependent,
meaning that it can't stand on its own as a complete sentence.
In fact, the first clause is what's known as an introductory clause, a type of clause
that sets the stage for the main clause to come.
Choice (B) is incorrect because it doesn't separate the introductory clause from the
Without any kind of punctuation dividing these clauses, we have ourselves a major run-on
Run-ons are just exhausting for everybody involved, so we'll definitely leave (B)
by the wayside.
Choice (C) uses a semicolon. It's nice that it tries to throw a little punctuation in
there, but it's not the kind of punctuation we need.
Semicolons are used to connect independent clauses.
Since we know that our introductory clause is totally dependent on the main sentence,
we can nix choice (C).
The colon that choice (D) throws at us doesn't work either.
Sure, colons can be used to connect dependent or independent clauses, but they usually introduce
an explanation of some kind.
Our second clause here isn't doing anything to explain the first, so (D) is off the table.
This means that our original sentence gets it right, by separating the introductory clause
from the main clause with a good old-fashioned comma.
Wait - West Egg isn't real? Sigh, first Santa Claus, now this...