ACT English 2.2 Sentence Structure
ACT English: Sentence Structure Drill 2, Problem 2. Which punctuation mark best breaks up the sentence?
|ACT English||Sentence Structure|
|Product Type||ACT English|
|Sentence Structure||Comma Splices and Run-Ons|
Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
It also looks like we have a case here of two independent clauses that are incorrectly
We can take choice (A) out of contention right from the get-go. Placing a period between
"car" and "window" doesn't make any sense and just sounds weird, to boot.
In this case, "car" is clearly an adjective that is trying to describe the noun "window."
Putting a period between the two is total craziness.
Plus, starting the second sentence off with, "Window he..." is just plain gobbledygook.
The two intended independent clauses here are, "Uncle Charles swept up the glass from
the broken car window," and "he was furious."
Choices (B), (C), and (D) all seem to agree, because each one places a punctuation mark
between "window" and "he."
Their solidarity doesn't last very long, though, because they disagree with each other as to
which kind of punctuation should be used.
Choice (B) actually pulls a big no-no by trying to connect the two independent clauses with
nothing but a comma.
This typical grammatical mistake is called a "comma splice," and it"s to be avoided at
We find ourselves in a bit more of a gray area with choice (D).
Colons can be used to connect two independent clauses. So it's not like (D) is totally and
However, when we use a colon to connect two independent clauses, we're signaling that
the second clause is an explanation of the other.
Even though the two clauses are technically independent, it should feel like one needs
Choice (C) is the correct answer because it uses a period to separate our two independent
clauses, allowing each of them to stand on their own.
P.S. We're taking up a collection to get Uncle Charles some anger management classes, if