ACT English 4.2 Sentence Structure
ACT English: Sentence Structure Drill 4, Problem 2. Which choice contains the proper use of tenses in this sentence?
|ACT English||Sentence Structure|
|Product Type||ACT English|
|Sentence Structure||Fragments and Parrallelism|
and his motivation was low.
Our quest for parallel construction continues with this question, where we're confronted
with a monstrous list that's not parallel in the least.
The first item on this list begins with "waited,"
a verb that we know is in the past tense because of its "E-D" ending.
The next item on the list maintains the status quo by beginning with the past tense verb "completed."
The final item, however, messes up the flow by starting with the adjective-noun combo
Since the construction here is decidedly not parallel, we can go ahead and nix choice (A).
Choice (C) gets crazy with its tenses.
Though the list starts with the past tense verb "waited," choice (C) inexplicably shifts
into present tense with the verbs "is" and "has."
Shifting tense is a cardinal sin in the church of parallel construction, so we can kick choice
(C) to the curb.
(B) gets needlessly fancy by throwing a participle into the mix. A participle is a word derived
from a verb, which functions as an adjective.
Here, "having" functions as an adjective by describing the pronoun "him," which stands
in for our slack student.
Neither of the other items in the list are participle phrases, though. So all of this
effort is for naught.
Choice (D) is the right answer because it begins each item on the list with a past tense
"Completed," "lacked," and "waited" go together like peas and carrots.