ACT English 4.3 Passage Drill
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ACT English: Passage Drill Drill 4, Problem 3. Which choice contains the correct tense for this sentence?
|ACT English||Passage Drill|
|Grammar and Usage||Verb Tenses|
|Product Type||ACT English|
A helpful thing to remember for this question is that all clauses need a subject and a verb.
Without these basic elements, the clause club is strictly off limits.
Choice (A), for example, creates an incomplete sentence.
The way it’s phrased renders “fortune cookies created by a Japanese man”
as the subject, without leaving any verb to tell us what these Japanese-made fortune cookies did.
(Though we figure they probably did some fortune telling.)
We have a strong feeling the verb “created” needs to function as the verb of this clause
if this sentence is ever going to be complete.
Choice (D) makes a similar mistake. The phrase “having been created by” absorbs the verb
“created,” forcing it to help describe “fortune cookies.”
If we’re going to get a complete sentence out of this deal, we need for the verb to
do its job and tell us what the fortune cookies did.
Choice (C) gets us on the right path. Adding the past tense “to be” verb “were”
finally makes “created” the verb we always knew it could be.
However, there’s a problem here with tense.
“Were being created” is in the past progressive, indicating that the creation of the cookies
was an ongoing process.
The right answer is (B), since the correct tense for this phrase is the simple past tense,
which signals that the cookies were created at a specific moment in the past
and then they stopped being created.
We would like to think fortune cookies are constantly being fine-tuned, with an eye toward
developing a super-fortune cookie that can actually predict the future, but we're not holding our breath.