ACT Science 3.6 Research Summary Passage
ACT Science: Research Summary Passage Drill 3, Problem 6. Which of the following statements can the scientists conclude from the experiment?
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Inferences and Trends
So here's where we combine all of the information we learned from the passage and experiment...
...and decide what we've learned.
Well, first of all...the conclusion has to be true.
The ants were NOT the most effective at bringing leaves to the nest
on the first day...so option A is out.
The passage also didn't say anything about relying on each other to forage leaves.
Teamwork, sure, but ants aren't as lazy as most of us... and will actually do their own work.
So we can cross off option C.
A conclusion also has to be an interpretation of what we learned from the experiment,
not just a restatement of the data.
Option D says that ants used pheromones to guide themselves back on days 3 and 4, but
anyone can see that from the graph.
We want a conclusion that requires deduction, reasoning, inferences...
all of the good stuff that science teachers love.
Option B is a statement that answers the original question of the experiment: can the ants get
back to their nest using a different path?
And our conclusion, deduced from hours and hours of research and hundreds of falling
ants is well...yes they can!
Over time, the ants learned how to return to their nests by a different route from which they came.
So option B's the answer.
Sorry to throw "bees" into the mix...