AP Psychology 2.1 Motivation and Emotion

AP Psychology 2.1 Motivation and Emotion. According to drive reduction theory, bodies want to reduce drive to return to a state of what?

APAP Psychology
AP PsychologyMotivation and Emotion
LanguageEnglish Language
Motivation and EmotionBiological Bases
Test PrepAP Psychology

Transcript

00:25

necessarily drives are naturally occurring states that motivate us to

00:28

perform behaviors that help keep us alive like eating and drinking or [woman drinking and a girl eating an ice-cream]

00:32

starting a new show on netflix so according to drive reduction theory do

00:36

bodies want to return to a state of A arousal.. Well arousal is our body's response to

00:41

something, it's not a state that our bodies are actively trying to return to [Woman in a bedroom and the telephone rings]

00:45

in fact a state of arousal may also be a drive that our bodies are trying to

00:50

reduce. We can cross off A all right or is it C sleep, for some of you sleep may seem

00:55

like it's your natural state especially while you're sitting through calculus [classroom of students sleeping]

00:58

but this isn't what drive reduction theory refers to being sleepy is

01:03

actually a drive that may lead to sleep but sleep isn't the end goal in drive [Boy sleeping on a table]

01:09

reduction theories, let's get rid of C yeah, that was kind of tricky. How about

01:13

D incentive, okay so incentive isn't actually a state it's just something [A man wearing a balaclava robbing a store]

01:17

that motivates or encourages someone to do something, this is definitely not what

01:21

drive theories all about so we can cross off D. Is it E thermoregulation well

01:26

thermoregulation is a process that allows the body to maintain its core [boy wearing shorts and t-shirt in a cold snowy forest]

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internal temperature that 98.6 thing. Like sleep, an even internal temperature may

01:34

be achieved because of a specific drive but that isn't the only goal of drive [boy with a thermometer in his mouth in bed]

01:39

reduction theory we can cross off E from our list leaving us with B

01:42

homeostasis; homeostasis is basically known as our bodies baseline or normal [girl meditating on a mountain]

01:47

state drive reduction theory states that when we experience a drive that's our

01:52

body telling us that we need to do something like eat or drink to get back [girl thinking about drinking]

01:55

to our baseline state so the correct answer is B homeostasis so we've learned

02:00

a little about drive reduction theory namely that it's all about getting our

02:03

bodies back to normal or their baseline state our baseline state is three cups [girl walking with a mug of coffee]

02:08

of coffee deep but well everyone's different

02:12

boy