AP Psychology 3.5 Research Methods

AP Psychology 3.5 Research Methods. What is being demonstrated?

APAP Psychology
AP PsychologyResearch Methods
LanguageEnglish Language
Test PrepAP Psychology

Transcript

00:25

...All right a lot of these answers don't seem half bad if

00:31

you're experiencing positive medicinal effects from the sugar pills one could [Person riding a unicorn over a rainbow]

00:35

call you delusional but delusions are actually a pretty serious byproduct of

00:39

psychosis in which a person is unable to tell what's real from what's imagined [Patient holding a bottle of pills next to doctor]

00:43

and that's not exactly what we're describing here possible correlation

00:47

also sounds right a correlation after all is a mutual relationship or

00:51

connection between two or more things someone can think that a sugar pill [Man stood beside a blue car]

00:54

cleverly disguised as medicine is making them stronger, that doesn't make it a

00:58

correlation though it might mean they have some kryptonian DNA there... Alright and [Man stood wearing a superman t-shirt]

01:04

counterbalancing with an experimental design ensures that all possible orders

01:08

of variables are presented to different groups of participants in order to

01:12

ensure that order doesn't affect outcomes like imagine if you ask one

01:16

group that they like sugar pills or dirt pills more then ask the second group if [Man asking members of the public if they like sugar or dirt pills]

01:21

they like dirt pills or sugar pills more, in case you know the first group

01:26

but only chose sugar pills because you said it first... Oh and the actual

01:30

phenomenon of how the order of something may affect an outcome yeah that's called

01:33

the order effect - Which means it isn't our answer either. That leaves us with A the

01:38

placebo effect well the placebo effect is a psychological phenomenon that

01:42

occurs when participants think they're taking an active drug because they

01:46

believe the drug is working they react to the placebo in the same way that they [Man racing around a athletics track]

01:51

would react to real medication, so if you give someone a sugar pill and say it's a

01:56

sleeping pill maybe they'll report feeling sleepy but if you tell them it's [Girl falls asleep on a stack of books]

02:01

a super strength pill and they lift a car or something well you may want to

02:04

look into buying tights and a cape...[Man lifts a car and turns into Superman]