This is a video that will teach you about relative pronouns. How's that for short and sweet, video?
|4th Grade||Language Arts|
|Elementary and Middle School||4th Grade|
And there's no better way to keep things short and sweet than with relative pronouns.
So… what's a relative pronoun? Is it…a pronoun you have to share bunk beds with?
Uh, no. In this case, the word relative does refer to a relationship, but it's the relationship [Guy on the bottom bunk, with the word pronoun bouncing on the top bunk]
between a clause or phrase being connected to a noun or pronoun. [Coop pointing at a blackboard]
Usually, a relative pronoun takes the form of one of these: who, whoever, whom, whomever, [The words being written in a list]
that, which, when, where, or whose.
Okay…you still might have no idea what we're talking about, so… let's dig a little deeper. [Shovel digging in dirt]
Take a look at Tommy here.
Now instead of calling Tommy, well, Tommy… let's try and use one of our relative pronouns [Boy smiling]
to make a statement about Tommy.
First up… “who.” So let's say...
“Who likes swimming.”
Um… doesn't make a whole lot of sense, does it? [Tommy looks confused]
That's because it's a dependent clause. It depends on the rest of the sentence, but as [Dino pointing at a blackboard]
it stands, it’s an incomplete sentence. No good.
In order for it to make sense, we'd want to say “Tommy likes swimming.” [Tommy jumping into the pool]
Now what if we also wanted to say that Tommy is a boy, just in case there was any confusion.
The kid does like to paint his nails, after all. [Tommy's hand with pink painted nails]
Here, we would say...
“Tommy is a boy.”
So we've got...
“Tommy is a boy.” and “Tommy likes swimming.”
Two perfectly fine sentences. So… where the heck does our relative pronoun come into
Well, suppose we wanted to combine the two sentences into one sentence.
We would use a relative pronoun to say...
“Tommy is a boy who likes swimming.”
Voila! There's that dependent clause from earlier, but this time it has the first part [Arrow pointing to the dependent clause]
of the sentence to depend on.
Instead of having two separate sentences to say two separate things, this relative pronoun
allows us to say two things in one sentence, shortening everything and making it a whole [Someone picking up a packet of Rolaids]
lot easier to digest.
Although the Rolaids probably will help, too.
Take a look at some other examples here... [Guy with the Rolaids after eating his cake]
“Star Wars is the movie that everyone is talking about.”
“My friend has a little brother who is annoying.”
“Larry has a brother whose house is inside of a giant lobster.” [The sentences being written out]
Each uses a relative pronoun to make the sentence shorter and more to the point. [The relative pronouns are circled]
Now if only you could teach your Great Aunt Rose to get to the point. [Aunt Rose saying a really long sentence]
There’s a reason everyone calls her “Ramblin’ Rose”… [Everyone else looks bored]