We're about to shower you with knowledge about similes and metaphors. Oh, and please be aware, that was a just a metaphor. This video will not act as a replacement for your morning bathing routine.
|4th Grade||Language Arts|
|Elementary and Middle School||4th Grade|
meaning. It's used a lot to exaggerate or emphasize something....
...or just to have fun. Seriously, Dr. Seuss, Shel Silverstein, Roald Dahl? They were all
about figurative language. And those were the most fun guys around.
You know who else is super fun and loves figurative language? Yep, Shmoop! [Man giving presentation]
...Well. We think we're kind of fun.
One kind of figurative language is the simile. It doesn't get more fun than similes. Seriously, [Boy being photographed]
the word is just one letter away from "smile."
Similes are when something is compared to something else using the words "like" or "as."
You could say your friend is "as bright as a light bulb." Or maybe your dog is "as smelly
as dirty socks." Or your mom is "sweet like candy."
All of those are similes because they compare one thing to another thing using like or as,
and they're all an example of a "figure of speech" because they're not literal.
When you say your friend is bright, you don't mean that he's walking around glowing in the [Person switches lights off]
dark, though that would be pretty cool, and would probably make him a superhero.
Metaphors are similar to similes because they also compare one thing to another in a figurative [Dino discussing metaphors]
way, but they skip all that "like" or "as" stuff and just say that one thing is another thing.
For example, if someone eats a lot of food in a messy way, you might call them a pig.
Of course, they're not literally a pig, they're just eating like one.
Bam. Metaphor. [Waiter approaches man with the bill]
Another example would be when a parent calls their child a "shining star."
No, we don't mean the weird glowing kid again. The parent is just using figurative language
to say their kid is amazing and brilliant, which parents tend to do.
So let's recap- a simile is a comparison using "like" or "as," and a metaphor is a comparison [Coop discussing similie and metaphor summary]
that says one thing is another thing.
Both similes and metaphors are examples of figurative language, or a figure of speech.
When Katy Perry tells you that "baby, you're a firework," she isn't trying to warn you
that you might explode any second now. She's using a figure of speech to say that you're [Man strains and head explodes]
super-duper special and awesome.
...Now that you know all about figurative language, it's time to go fight crime with
your glowing friend! Glow Boy and Figurative Language...Person...Thing...? [Boys wearing capes prepare to fight crime]
...Okay. We'll go work on a cooler name.