A metaphor is a simile, just minus the "like" or "as." We'll learn all about how not to be confused by either in today's video.
|4th Grade||Language Arts|
|Elementary and Middle School||4th Grade|
These are all synonyms, or different words that mean more or less the same thing. [Coop explaining synonyms]
But you already knew that.
Because you’re smart.
Or…well, you get the idea.
Synonyms are great because they help make our writing more interesting and exciting. [Girls writing in class]
But what if we're not in the mood to use a synonym?
What if we’re just bored of them or tired, fed up, disinterested…
We kind of got on a synonym roll.
Which is a lot less delicious than a cinnamon roll. [Plate of cinnamon rolls appear]
Well, it's a-okay to be tired of 'em!
Because there are more things that can spice up our writing! [Man in kitchen with a paper and spice pots appear]
We're talking similes and metaphors.
Like synonyms, similes and metaphors are tools that help us write more descriptively.
But how exactly do we go about using similes and metaphors? [Man holding a simile spice pot]
Let's start with a simile.
A simile is a type of figurative language that helps us compare two dissimilar things
to each other, using the words “like” or “as.” [Coop explaining what a simile is]
For example: you're a student, right?
Or maybe just an over-the-top Shmoop enthusiast…
Which is totally cool, too. [A man sitting on a bed with shmoop items]
But are you a bee?
Well, probably not, because then you wouldn’t understand a word we’re saying.
But just because a student and a bee aren't exactly the same thing doesn't mean we can't [A bee with a boys face flying near flowers]
So we might say something like, “The student was busy as a bee.”
Well, we know that bees are always buzzing around and look super duper busy.
So if a student is as busy as a bee, that must mean that they're loaded down with work [Girl walking into school]
and zooming from one thing to the next!
It's just a way more fun way of saying, “The student is super busy.” [Girl walking in school hallway]
Here are a few more examples…
“He was as brave as a lion.”
“She was as bright as the sun.”
“She sang like an angel."
"He slept like a dog" [Examples of similes]
All of these are similes that make comparisons using like or as.
Metaphors, on the other hand, are a little different.
They don't use “like” or “as." [Dino teaching what metaphors are]
Instead, they paint an image for the reader to picture in their head.
So while a simile uses the word as to say...
“He was as brave as a lion”
A metaphor would simply say
“He was a brave lion.”
This metaphor makes us imagine the boy as an actual brave lion, instead of just being [A lion with a boys face in tall grass]
This paints an image in the reader's head…even if it is a kind of weird image…
Other examples of metaphors that paint word pictures like this include...
“Her tears were a flowing river.”
“Her smile was a million shining stars.”
“He was a speeding race-car.” [Metaphor example sentences]
Each of these metaphors makes the reader paint an image in their head, instead of simply
comparing two things, like they would in a simile. [Girl in a cafe walks away crying]
So the next time you're trying to spice up your writing and don't feel like using a synonym,
try a simile or metaphor instead.
They're still not as delicious as a cinnamon roll, but they'll do in a pinch. [Girl eating plate of cinnamon rolls]