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Finance Glossary

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Over 700 finance terms, Shmooped to perfection.

Bear Market


When the market goes down.

Technically a bear market is a prolonged period of falling stock prices accompanied by general investor pessimism. If it’s a short period of declines followed by price increases, it’s called a correction. What’s “prolonged”? It’s in the eye of the beholder, or to be more specific, it’s how the talking heads on CNBC define it.