AP U.S. History 2.3 Period 9: 1980-Present

In this AP U.S. History question figure out how immigration laws fundamentally changed in the 1980s. AP U.S. History: Imperialism in 19th Century Drill 1, Problem 1

AP U.S. HistoryPeriod 9: 1980-Present
Continuing Demographic ShiftsIncrease in International Migration
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

00:16

[ mumbling continues ]

00:19

All right, and now the question:

00:21

Immigration laws fundamentally changed in the 1980s

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because they... what?

00:27

And here are your potential answers.

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All right, what clues can we gather from this passage?

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The term "alien" here refers to, no, not extraterrestrial,

00:38

an undocumented worker in the United States or someone who is

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in the country without proper paperwork.

00:44

And in this excerpt, we see that the Immigration Reform and Control Act,

00:48

or IRCA, granted lawful temporary residence

00:51

if those aliens met certain requirements.

00:54

So let's keep these details in mind as we search for the answer

00:58

best describing the shift in policy at this time.

01:01

Did immigration laws fundamentally change in the 1980s because they A -

01:05

eliminated visa quotas?

01:07

Well, actually, the IRCA didn't change the allocation

01:10

of visa numbers at all, so that eliminates A and B.

01:12

Could these immigration laws have changed by D -

01:15

granting amnesty to all permanent residents?

01:18

Well, we saw in the excerpt that the IRCA did create a path for amnesty,

01:22

but that road was long and winding, containing many stipulations that immigrants

01:26

couldn't meet. So it isn't D, either.

01:28

That means U.S. immigration laws fundamentally changed

01:32

in the 1980s because they C -

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levied penalties against employers of illegal immigrants.

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The sponsors of the IRCA believed they could crack

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down on undocumented workers if they made jobs scarcer for these individuals.

01:46

So under the new law, employers were punished and had to pay

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big fines for employing anyone

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living in the U.S. illegally who was on their

01:53

payroll. So that makes C the right answer.

01:55

And in fact, anyone hired for a job today fills out an I9 form,

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which was created at this time to make sure every employer

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could verify the residency status of his or her employees.

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So remember, if you go in for an interview,

02:09

you better get dressed up to the I9s.