In this AP U.S. History question figure out how immigration laws fundamentally changed in the 1980s. AP U.S. History: Imperialism in 19th Century Drill 1, Problem 1
|AP U.S. History||Period 9: 1980-Present|
|Continuing Demographic Shifts||Increase in International Migration|
[ mumbling continues ]
All right, and now the question:
Immigration laws fundamentally changed in the 1980s
because they... what?
And here are your potential answers.
All right, what clues can we gather from this passage?
The term "alien" here refers to, no, not extraterrestrial,
an undocumented worker in the United States or someone who is
in the country without proper paperwork.
And in this excerpt, we see that the Immigration Reform and Control Act,
or IRCA, granted lawful temporary residence
if those aliens met certain requirements.
So let's keep these details in mind as we search for the answer
best describing the shift in policy at this time.
Did immigration laws fundamentally change in the 1980s because they A -
eliminated visa quotas?
Well, actually, the IRCA didn't change the allocation
of visa numbers at all, so that eliminates A and B.
Could these immigration laws have changed by D -
granting amnesty to all permanent residents?
Well, we saw in the excerpt that the IRCA did create a path for amnesty,
but that road was long and winding, containing many stipulations that immigrants
couldn't meet. So it isn't D, either.
That means U.S. immigration laws fundamentally changed
in the 1980s because they C -
levied penalties against employers of illegal immigrants.
The sponsors of the IRCA believed they could crack
down on undocumented workers if they made jobs scarcer for these individuals.
So under the new law, employers were punished and had to pay
big fines for employing anyone
living in the U.S. illegally who was on their
payroll. So that makes C the right answer.
And in fact, anyone hired for a job today fills out an I9 form,
which was created at this time to make sure every employer
could verify the residency status of his or her employees.
So remember, if you go in for an interview,
you better get dressed up to the I9s.