Compound Sentences vs. Complex Sentences
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|English I EOC Assessment||Sentence Structure|
|Essay Writing||Writing Elements and Process|
They can be as simple as “I do” and as complicated as “I suppose I shall marry
you despite my serious reservations.” [Woman looks unimpressed at wedding]
Then there are dependent clauses.
You can’t leave them alone for a minute. [Baby crying in a cot]
If we stick a period at the end of one and read it like an independent clause, it sounds [Mother puts a dummy in the babies mouth]
Here are some examples:
Although he looked like that guy from Twilight.
Which I found ridiculous.
How he made friends.
All right…now onto the meat of the lesson: compound vs complex sentences. [Two boxing gloves touch with compound and complex sentences written on them]
A compound sentence consists of two independent clauses joined together in holy matrimony…er,
in one sentence.
That’s two fully independent clauses with their own subject and verb. [Independent clauses held together with a wedding ring]
They’re brought together with a connector called a FANBOYS coordinator: for, and, nor,
but, or, yet, so.
So let’s throw some independent clauses together and see what happens.
Maddie likes to play video games all day.
Sam likes to be her cheerleader.
Both independent, both can stand alone.
And to make a compound sentence, let’s insert one of the FANBOYS. [Girl playing a toy guitar]
Maddie likes to play video games all day, and Sam likes to be her cheerleader.
And a few more, just to get the idea: [Sam holding pom poms]
Sam and Maddie have been dating for eight months, but things are getting tense. [Sam eats the last piece of sushi]
Maddie doesn’t want to date Sam anymore, for he’s starting to annoy her.
Sam finds out that Maddie wants to break up so he breaks up with her first to save face. [Sam looks upset]
Now, complex sentences only have one independent clause, but then they have one or more dependent
There are two ways to attach a dependent clause to an independent clause – a subordinator
or a relative pronoun.
A subordinator is a word that subordinates – it makes a clause dependent on another.
Like because, after, although, and when.
Maddie was happy to be free of Sam, although she did occasionally miss the encouragement. [Maddie looks upset as she's playing her guitar game]
After the break up, Sam went on to become a wildly successful stay-at-home
dad blogger. [Sam sat at a computer]
Relative pronouns describe something with the help of words like that, who, and which.
Here’s a complex sentence using a relative pronoun:
Sam went on to become a wildly successful stay-at-home dad blogger who was also devastatingly [Worlds best dad blogger mug]
handsome. [Sam's smile sparkles]
But why stop there?
How about a complex sentence with a subordinator and a relative pronoun?
After Maddie broke up with him, Sam went on to become a wildly successful stay-at-home [Sam crying]
dad blogger who was also devastatingly handsome.
Compound and complex sentences seem complicated, but they’re all made up of smaller parts.
Compound – two independent clauses tied together with FANBOYS.
Complex – an independent clause plus one or more dependent clauses, tied together using
subordinators or relative pronouns.
Like not saying anything stupid at your wedding… [Sam looks annoyed at the wedding]