NB: It takes a lot of violence to create an empire.
And beards. [guy with a large beard]
What do all of these things have in common? They were all used by Conquistadors. [Conquistadors in a bowl of chili]
Who were the Conquistadors? An indie rock band? [Conquistadors playing instruments]
Actually, they were explorers and military leaders who conquered new lands for Spain [dora shows military Conquistadors]
and Portugal. They colonized much of the world between the [map of Americas with Spanish flags popping up]
15th and 17th centuries. They were able to conquer much larger armies using their wits…
and disease. [menu of small pox sandwich and influenza ice cream]
They brought Spanish and Portuguese culture…[map of Spain, dancer, painting of bull fighting, wine and a soccer ball]
…and religion to all the lands they conquered. [Conquistador flying through the air with Bibles]
You may have heard of some of the more famous Conquistadors.
Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec Empire. [portrait of Cortes vs. Aztecs]
Francisco Pizarro conquered the Incan Empire. [portrait of Pizarro vs Incas]
Amerigo Vespucci gave his name to the Continents. [portrait of Vespucci and a map of the Americas]
And Guy “Guido” Fawkes inspired a movie with Natalie Portman.
Conquistador armies comprised of poor Spaniards looking for work…[picture of poor Spaniards]
…and slaves from Africa. [picture of slaves getting tortured on a boat]
Their forces traveled the globe, charting new rivers and coastlines…[Conquistador in a Mario game]
…discovering new continents and oceans…
...and killing lots of people.
They also established the first major treaties between Europe and India, China, and Japan. [Conquistador with world map and flags]
Some guys like Ponce de Leon went looking for the fabled Fountain of Youth…
Others searched through the jungles in search for the Lost Cities of Gold. [Lego Indiana Jones in tall grass]
They did find several new species of animals…[tiger with elephant head]
As a result of all of this running around and looking for made-up stuff while killing people…
The Conquistadors brought untold riches back to Europe…[Conquistador packman eats gold]
…made hundreds of scientific discoveries…
…and destroyed the boundaries that separated the world’s peoples.
Their adventures gave birth to the modern world. [Conquistador holds ipad]
Too bad those hats lost popularity.
What do you think?
Did all of the advancements that came about because of the Conquistadors justify all that destruction?
Shmoop amongst yourselves.