History of Technology 2: Changes in Planes, Post War

Just like we did during puberty, planes have gone through changes, too. Luckily for them, they had far less acne and embarrassing voice breaks. Dumb planes.

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TechnologyHistory of Technology

Transcript

00:26

first world war and it involved lots of dudes all over the world experimenting

00:31

[man crashing plane] with crazy flying contraptions. Well some of those machines were total death traps

00:36

but at least they weren't like that plane from Snakes on a Plane, talk about a death trap.

00:40

Well there were some big firsts and cool stunts during the pioneer era. The first

00:45

nonstop flight across the Atlantic happened in 1919, and the first flight

00:49

around the world, the whole world definitely not a nonstop, happened in 1924. It wasn't

00:56

until the first world war that planes got serious.[planes on fire, plane warfare]

00:59

The war was awful but they desire to one-up the other guys Air Force helped humanity

01:04

make huge technological leaps. Good things coming out of a war? Yah our heads

01:09

hurts. Anyway here are some of the changes we're talking about. For one the

01:13

Biplane model was out and the Monoplane was in. You know how really cool planes

01:18

had that strange four wing design. Well with one pair of wings on top of

01:23

each other and the wooden struts in between, yah that one. Well planes with just

01:27

[two men standing by plane] one stronger set of wings turned out to work way better. We'll take the single

01:32

wing design for our next cross trip on the Atlantic any day. Another big step

01:36

forward was ditching wood for aluminum. Yep, the earliest planes were made of

01:40

wood, heavy canvas and maybe duct tape. By the 1920s planes were made of aluminium

01:46

and other lightweight metals and they got considerably less terrifying as a [plane flying off of cliff successfully]

01:51

result. Engines also got bigger and better. Yeah we've been through this

01:55

before. But the internal combustion engine got way bigger and more powerful

01:58

over the 20th century, that made planes faster and able to carry more weight.[elephant entering plane]

02:04

By 1929 planes were getting serious. The Dornier Do-X was just about the coolest

02:09

thing anybody had ever built. It was a German built airliner and it was the

02:13

biggest, heaviest, flying machine the world had ever seen.

02:17

Just when people were starting to think planes had done all they can do for

02:20

the world. Well some folks invented the jet engine and of course those folks

02:24

were who? Yep Nazis so uh thanks we guess. Don't expect a thank-you card literally, [two men in front of jet plane]

02:33

you guys are still literally the worst, literally. Towards the end of World War

02:36

two German engineers were doing some serious tinkering and by 1943 they had

02:40

the first jet-powered bomber plane. Well the jet engine was all over the

02:45

world by the end of World War two, eventually making flights, cheaper, faster,

02:48

and way more profitable. So again warfare spurred innovation. Geez,

02:53

why can't we innovate for free ice cream or something. [mad Nazi man in Library]

02:56

I think the Nazis would have gone for that.