New building materials both made homes stronger than ever before, and made wolves work harder than ever on their lung strength.
|Social Studies||History of Technology|
|Technology||History of Technology|
Ancient civilizations, like Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, China, and the Mayan cultures, to name a few, built [Pictures of constructions]
some of the grandest and most impressive structures in the world.
And they didn't have a single crane, bulldozer, or dump truck between them.
Nothin' like good ol' fashioned slave labor to get the job done…well, not all of it [Man dressed in rags pulling a large rock]
was slave labor…
Still, any amount of slave labor is too much slave labor.
But back to building materials…
First and maybe foremost, ancient peoples kept on building with mud…. [Man chucks mud at another man]
…but with time, they got way better at it, transforming mud into hard, dry bricks. [Man putting wood into a fire]
In places like ancient Egypt, bricks were formed out of clay and mud and baked in the
It also gave ancient Egyptians a great chance to work on their tans and pores. [Man sits on hot mud bricks and gets burned]
Egyptians also came up with mortar, which is a mixture of sand and clay that helped [Bricklayer building a wall]
hold their bricks together.
This same process was used to build mud and brick skyscrapers.
Talk about luxury.
Wonder if there were doormen.
The Romans were the first to figure out how to bake their bricks in kilns to make them [Man putting bricks into a kiln]
stronger. [Brick with arms lifting weights]
The structures they built could therefore be taller and last longer in the weather. [Picture of a castle]
The Romans were basically architectural wizards, and they didn’t even have Hogwarts.
Need more proof of their architectural magic?
Well, how about this: Romans came up with concrete. [Man dressed as a wizard makes a bag of concrete appear with a wand]
We know, concrete doesn't seem like an ancient thing…
…but lo and behold, Roman engineers figured out how to blend lime, sand, and natural cement
together to make actual-factual concrete. [Man mixing ingredients in a barrel]
And sure, it took them a while to stop using the citrus fruit, but they figured it out
Concrete allowed them to build aqueducts, roads, and buildings. [Pictures of Roman contructions]
And all those cool things would have been super useful in the Middle Ages, except apparently,
some raging barbarians lost the recipe. [Barbarian rips up the recipe for concrete]
Nice work there, raging barbarians.
This is why the Middle Ages couldn't have nice things.
Concrete also helped with the construction of large domes in buildings. [Man dressed as a wizard makes a large dome appear on the top of a building]
Y'know, those bulbous creations, which magically manage to not collapse in a few millennia?
Before the Romans, nobody had figured out how to make a domed ceiling. [Man looking at the ceiling scratching his head]
It's a bit of an engineering and mathematical puzzle.
But the Romans built one that remained the largest dome in the world for more than 1,000
Romans also brought us plaster.
…Okay, they didn't strictly invent plaster, because other people had the idea of putting [Roman man plastering a wall]
lime and clay on their walls.
But the Romans definitely used it to a new extent, which made their homes a lot…homier. [Man sipping a drink sat in a luxury room]
Sorry, next time we’ll try harder with our adjectives. [Thesaurus is chucked at the Shmoop house]