So you're not a fan of capitalism. That's okay, there are plenty of other -isms you can check out. And good news: as long as you don't pick "cannibalism," we won't have to legally report you to the police.
|Social Studies||Modern World History|
individual to do then? Well, there were actually quite a few alternative-isms to choose from. [lady talking to a man with mustache and a hat]
First there was utopianism. The people who bought into this ism thought they could...
create a perfect society. There would be peace, there would be love, [two unicorns with rainbow colored tail flying away]
there would be ice cream for everyone. Of course, every utopian group thought it's vision of a utopian... [a happy man holding a chocolate ice cream cone]
society was the one that was actually gonna work.
Those who believed that creating a flawless world was within their grasp tended to set up... [two men fighting in a boxing ring]
colonies, and communes, where they could experiment, and try to get the utopian formula...
just right. There was Brook Farm in Massachusetts, where... [two students performing an experiment]
adherents tried to juggle work, play, and making the world a better place.
Maybe they even juggled? Who knows. Unfortunately, Brook Farms'... [an artist juggling with bowling pins]
finances didn't survive the destruction-by-fire of the community's biggest do-it-yourself project.
And then there were the Rappites, a religious community... [two women and a man standing in front of a burning house]
whose members believed that Jesus would arrive within their lifetimes, and...
probably would be hanging out as Starbucks. Unfortunately for the Rappites, there views on celibacy.. [two women having coffee at Starbucks]
drove off all the younger members, and the group disintegrated. In short, utopian groups discovered that...
building the perfect society was a lot harder than it looked. [a man reading a book on how to build a perfect society]
Another major ism of this period was communism,
which we've talked a little about before. Karl Marx's version of
communism, aptly named Marxism, called for revolution... [a picture of Karl Marx]
and the end of inequality, and social classes, and centralized...
government. After all, Marx reasoned, if there are no social classes, then you don't need a... [picture of a woman showing her biceps]
centralized government to act as hall monitor, do ya? [a boy wearing a hall monitor sash]
In Marx's opinion, communism was the logical next step...
in humanity's evolution. He really, truly believed that revolution... [evolution from ape to a man]
was coming. And not the Dance, Dance kind of Revolution.
And the notion that really made Marx giggle with glee was that once communism...
was firmly established, workers would never be exploited again. [picture of a hand with palm folded into a fist]
Well, here's the lowdown on Marx's understanding of exploitation. Essentially, he...
believed that capitalism allowed businessmen to rig the value of goods, so they... [vegetable market with a sign board of tomatoes for $1.50/lb]
could bank more money. Let's say that Tom produces a pair of shoes for Joe, because...
Joe and Tom are part of the capitalist system where labor is undervalued. [man selling a shoe to a customer]
Joe only pays a dollar for Tom's shoes. Tom is sad and he can't even buy...
ice cream to cheer himself up. Joe, recognizing that the shoes Tom made are a...[sign board of $1.25 for an ice cream]
masterpiece of craftsmanship, turns around and sells the shoes to Harry for 50 bucks. Joe...
now has 49 beautiful dollars to call his own. Tom has one measly... [Joe selling the shoe to a customer for $50]
dollar and no ice cream. You might say Tom's feeling exploited. Given what we've...
learned so far about the Industrial Revolution, we can probably also see why many of the Toms of the world...
thought communism was awesome. That... [a group of people holding a sign board]
and they probably had ice cream every single night. Show-offs.
Our final ism of this lesson is anarchism. Unlike communism,
where government would eventually disappear because it was an unneeded and outdated... [a boy in the hospital bed]
institution, anarchists believed we oughta just ditch government first thing.
They also thought it would be fun to get rid of things like money, and employer-employee relationships. [a $100 bill lit on fire]
Some anarchists even suggested bringing in Michael J. Fox and his Delorean...
so the world could be returned to its pre-Industrial Revolution glory, where everyone... [man carrying a basket of apples]
kicked at the dirt with sticks and suffered from the plague. Clearly...
the problems sparked by the Industrial Revolution also fueled a lot of creative ideas on how to make... [a man fainting]
the world a better place. Thankfully, cannibalism did not make the top ten cut. [a man with fork and knife approaching other people]