Modern World History 9.3: The Grass is Always Browner in the Other Dictatorship

Time to learn about Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin. So quit Stalin and hit play already.

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Transcript

00:25

didn't get into art school and no one seemed to want to buy his work so Hitler

00:29

did what any melancholy young artist would do he joined the German army okay

00:34

well maybe not many people would do that but it was Hitler, you know he spent World War

00:38

one learning how militaries work and when the war was over [Hitler fighting in World War One]

00:41

he went into politics well there was a whole lot of rage in Germany in the

00:44

1920s people felt like they've gotten all of the blame for the war and that

00:49

they were being unfairly punished by the Allies Hitler was no exception he was

00:53

perfectly happy to claim that the Jews the Allies the Communists and pretty

00:56

much anyone who wasn't a perfect German citizen had ruined his adopted country [Hitler pointing to a bunny]

01:00

well after a stint in prison that he pretended was a writing retreat Hitler

01:05

emerged ready to take full advantage of a down-and-out Germany as the leader of

01:09

the Nazis he became the German Chancellor in 1933 and Germany's

01:13

president in 1934 he promptly ditched those two lame titles for the bad [Hitler giving a speech]

01:18

sounding tag of Fuehrer of the Third Reich

01:21

well Hitler had a couple of goals for Germany once he found himself in charge

01:25

kill everybody and take over the world remember like pinky and the brain ok

01:30

well that's an oversimplification but he did want to reclaim everything Germany

01:33

had lost in the Treaty of Versailles and then some and he wanted the Aryan race [Hitler holding the Earth]

01:37

to purge the world of its inferiors so it could rule in pure-blooded splendor

01:43

and no mudblood and basically a real-life Lord Voldemort camp

01:48

so to summarize Hitler was bonkers and had no business running a lemonade stand [Hitler appears by a lemonade stand]

01:51

much less country well Joseph Stalin was born in Georgia in 1878 not way down

01:57

yonder on the chattahoochee Georgia Russian Georgia and there's a big

02:01

difference and his real name wasn't Stalin it was Jughashvili.. yeah you

02:07

can see why he changed it Stalin had a rotten childhood his dad was an abusive [Stalin as a child and father appears angry]

02:12

drunk and he survived smallpox in an accident that stunted his left arms growth yet

02:17

Stalin knew he was destined for greater things like supporting the Bolshevik

02:21

caused by robbing banks and killing people [Stalin robbing a bank vault and Joker appears]

02:23

Lenin loved the kid and made him a member of the Politburo during the

02:27

Russian Civil War it was in the Politburo that Stalin met his rival for

02:32

Lenin's affections Leon Trotsky there was a lot of high drama surrounding this [Trotsky and Stalin in a boxing ring]

02:36

love triangle until 1924 when Lenin finally died after a series of strokes

02:41

while Lenin made it very clear at the end of his life that Stalin was in no

02:44

way qualified to be the leader of Soviet Russia

02:47

Stalin successfully murdered and manipulated his way to the top of the

02:50

pile like Hitler he belongs in a padded cell where they could run their own [Hitler and Stalin in stray jackets by a lemonade stand]

02:54

crazy lemonade stand together....And behind door number 3 Benito Mussolini yeah

03:00

that guy who was born in Italy in 1883 where he spent his formative years

03:05

reading lots of books and avoiding military service an avowed socialist he

03:10

made a name for himself in Italian politics right up until he decided to [Mussolini on stage giving a speech]

03:14

support Italy's entering World War one so it could win a lot of territory for

03:18

itself the Socialists kicked Mussolini to the curb as a result of his

03:22

position so he became a fascist instead and spent nine months in a trench during [Mussolini appears in a trench]

03:27

the war when 1921 Mussolini was instrumental in founding Italy's

03:31

national fascist party by 1922 he was Italy's Prime Minister he however liked

03:37

to call himself il duce.....Mussolini's goal was simple he wanted to make Italy

03:43

a global power by taking over lots and lots of territory in Europe and Africa [Mussolini chases Hitler]

03:48

he envisioned his Italy is a kind of new Rome with togas and gladiators you know

03:54

the works like his pals Stalin and Hitler he qualified as crazy well these three

03:59

very different men from three very different countries all ended up in

04:02

positions of enormous power and people you have to wonder who voted for them [Mussolini and Stalin appear together]

04:08

yeah well they would all three play pivotal roles in global affairs for

04:12

years yet only Stalin would survive World War two the man may have belonged

04:16

in a straitjacket but he was sly like a fox and he had the best moustache of all

04:20

dictators ever we have a feeling his lemonade stand

04:24

would have been the most successful too!