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Timeline

Mar 26, 1874

Robert Frost Born

Robert Lee Frost is born in San Francisco to William Prescott Frost, Jr., and Isabelle Moodie.

May 5, 1885

Father Dies

Frost's father, journalist William Prescott Frost, Jr., dies of tuberculosis. With no money to support themselves, Frost, his mother, and his younger sister Jeanie move across the country to Massachusetts, to be cared for by his paternal grandparents.

1892

High School Graduation

Frost graduates as co-valedictorian of Lawrence High School in Lawrence, Massachusetts. He enrolls at Dartmouth College, but returns home after only a semester, to teach and work at various jobs.

Nov 8, 1894

First Published Poem

Frost's first published poem, "My Butterfly: An Elegy," appears in the New York Independent. He receives fifteen dollars for his work.

Dec 19, 1895

Marries Elinor Miriam White

Frost marries his Elinor Miriam White, his classmate and co-valedictorian at Lawrence High School.

Sep 25, 1896

Elliott Frost Born

Robert and Elinor Frost's first child, a son named Elliott, is born.

Sep 1897

Enters Harvard

Robert Frost enrolls at Harvard College, where he studies liberal arts.

1899

Leaves Harvard

Frost drops out of Harvard before he can get a degree, and moves back to Lawrence in order to support his growing family.

Apr 28, 1899

Lesley Frost Born

The couple's second child, and first daughter, Lesley is born. Lesley is later one of only two Frost children to outlive their father.

Jul 8, 1900

Elliott Frost Dies

Robert Frost's son Elliott dies of cholera, just two months shy of his fourth birthday.

Oct 1900

Frost Takes Up Farming

The Frost family moves to a poultry farm in Derry, New Hampshire, purchased for Robert by his paternal grandfather. A month later, Frost's mother Isabelle dies of cancer.

May 27, 1902

Carol Frost Born

The Frosts family's third child, son Carol, is born.

Jun 27, 1903

Irma Frost Born

Daughter Irma, Frost's fourth child, is born.

Mar 29, 1905

Marjorie Frost Born

Daughter Marjorie is born. She is the Frost family's fifth child.

1906

Starts Teaching

Frost becomes an English teacher at Pinkerton Academy in Derry, a job he holds for the next five years.

Jun 18, 1907

Elinor Bettina Frost Born

Elinor gives birth to daughter Elinor Bettina, who sadly dies just days later. She is their sixth and final child.

1911

Frost Gives Up Farming

Robert Frost calls it quits and sells the poultry farm. He takes a job teaching English at New Hampshire Normal School in Plymouth, New Hampshire.

1912

Frosts Move to England

The Frost family moves to the United Kingdom in September. Frost befriends several literary notables, including Edward Thomas and Ezra Pound.

1913

First Book Published

A Boy's Will, Frost's first book of poetry, is published in England. (The American edition appears two years later.)

May 15, 1914

Second Book Published

Frost's second book of poetry, North of Boston, is published.

1915

Return to America

The Frosts move back to the United States as World War I begins. They settle on another farm, this time in Franconia, New Hampshire.

1917

Amherst College

Frost begins the first of three teaching stints at Amherst College, which take place 1917-1920, 1923-1925, and 1926-1938.

Oct 1920

Moves to Vermont

The Frosts move to a home named Stone House in Shaftsbury, Vermont. They keep the Franconia farm as a summer home.

1921

Bread Loaf School

Frost spends the first of 42 summers lecturing at the Bread Loaf School of English at Middlebury College, at the mountain campus in Ripton, Vermont.

1923

First Pulitzer

Robert Frost wins his first Pulitzer Prize for the poetry collection New Hampshire. It includes his famous poem "Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening."

Sep 7, 1929

Sister Dies

Frost's sister Jeanie dies in a mental hospital at the age of 52.

1931

Wins Pulitzer

Frost wins his second Pulitzer Prize for his book Collected Poems.

May 2, 1934

Marjorie Frost Dies

Frost's daughter Marjorie dies of puerperal fever after childbirth, at the age of 29.

1937

Wins Another Pulitzer

Frost wins his third Pulitzer Prize for the poetry collection A Further Range.

Mar 20, 1938

Elinor Frost Dies

Elinor Miriam White Frost, the poet's wife of 42 years, dies at the age of 65 from a heart attack.

1939

Wins Poetry Awards

The Ralph Waldo Emerson Fellow in Poetry at Harvard and teaches there until 1943.

Oct 9, 1940

Carol Frost Dies

Frost's 38-year-old son Carol commits suicide.

1941

Cambridge

Frost buys a house and moves to Cambridge, Massachusetts—his home for the rest of his life.

1943

Wins Last Pulitzer

Frost wins his fourth and final Pulitzer Prize for the poetry collection A Witness Tree. In September, he begins a six-year appointment as the George Ticknor Fellow in the Humanities at Dartmouth College.

Jan 20, 1961

Frost Reads at Inauguration

At the age of 86, Robert Frost reads at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy. Blinded by the harsh sunlight, he is unable to read "Dedication," the poem he prepared for the event. Instead, he recites his poem "The Gift Outright" from memory.

Sep 7, 1962

Frost Meets Khrushchev

At President Kennedy's urging, Frost accepts an invitation to meet Nikita Khrushchev, the head of the Soviet Union. The two discuss U.S.-Russia relations at Frost's bedside, since he fell ill on the trip.

Jan 29, 1963

Robert Frost Dies

Robert Frost dies in Boston at the age of 88 following complications from prostate surgery. He is buried at the Old Bennington Cemetery in Bennington, Vermont.

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