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Facts

Non-Indian population of California in 1846: less than 8,000
Number of migrants to California between 1848 and 1854: more than 300,0001

Non-Indian population of California in 1846: less than 8,000
Non-Indian population of California in 1850: 92,597
Non-Indian population of California in 1860: 379,9942

Indian population of California in 1846: 150,000
Indian population of California in 1860: 30,0003

Chinese population of California in 1848: 7
Chinese population of California in 1852: 11,794
Out of 11,794 Chinese in California in 1852, number who were women: 74

Percentage of California's population that was male in 1850: 925

1848 average daily wage for laborers on the Erie Canal: 88¢6
1848 average daily earnings for California placer miners: $207

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