Sadly, discrimination is rampant in arboriculture and almost all other horticultural industries. Many college educated arborists need to find jobs in other industries while the good arborist jobs go to those who are ethnically appropriate, even if completely unqualified. It is still a mystery how so many people who can barely read or write in any language can pass the arborist certification exam. Those who are not ethnically appropriate can not escape discrimination as groundsmen. It may be somewhat more tolerable to climbers. Yet, it never goes away, and can even be a bother to consulting arborists who are often expected to be bilingual, as if studying the Latin names of trees in college was not already enough.