ELA: KINDERGARTEN - GRADE 12
LITERACY: GRADES 6 - 12
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening
Speaking and Listening CCRA.SL.2
2. Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Being able to read and comprehend printed words is a vital life skill. But in order to survive and thrive in the “real world,” students need the ability to read far more than text. They also need to be able to break down:
- visuals, like maps, charts and graphs;
- information presented quantitatively, or in numbers; and,
- information they learn from speaking and listening to others speak.
In addition to giving them full access to the massive amounts of data needed to navigate their world, the ability to understand information in various formats gives students the flexibility to gather information in the way they best understand it. So when an exasperated co-worker asks, “What do I have to do, draw you a map?”, your well-prepared students can say, “Yes, please!”
Sample Activities for Use in Class
1. Visual Aids
Have students examine the list of commonly-used visual aids below. For each one, have students list the advantages and disadvantages of using that particular format. Then, discuss their answers, focusing on when certain visual aids might be more appropriate than others and what students can do to help overcome the disadvantages of using the various visual aids in a speech.
Flip Charts, Posters, and Blackboards/Whiteboards
Advantages: -easy and cheap to buy/make
-many locations already have these on site
-easy to carry around
-the audience can copy down information from them at their own speed
-good for interactive discussions; can write down what audience members say
Disadvantages: -difficult for large groups to see
-presenters with poor handwriting or spelling may find it hard to use them
-running out of chalk/markers might be a problem
-may run out of space
Slides (Photos, Overhead, or PowerPoint)
Advantages: -can look very professional
-easier for large groups to see
-include notes to remind the speaker of important information
-can be printed for audience to use/make notes on/take home
-can incorporate video or other visual aids
-must be shown in the dark – audience may not take notes, may fall asleep
-not good for discussion or interaction
-harder to update
-requires special equipment
Advantages: -can look very professional
-can be used with either large groups or small ones
Disadvantages: -doesn't engage the audience
-more expensive to make than other visual aids
-requires special equipment
-older formats, like VHS or filmstrips, may be hard/impossible to play
-starting/stopping video to discuss can be difficult/distracting
Objects (Samples, Examples, Models, etc.)
Advantages: -exist in the “real world”
-may be cheap and easy to find/make
-let the audience learn through touching/seeing as well as listening
Disadvantages: -may be difficult, expensive, or impossible to find/make
-may be hard to carry or pass around
-need storage space
-may not make sense out of their usual environment (i.e. engine parts)
2. Table Talk
Have students examine the following table, and then discuss the questions that follow.
|Distance from Sun (km)||57,909,227||149,598,262|
|Mass (kg)||3.3010 x 1023||5.9722 x 1024|
|Equatorial Surface Gravity (m/s2)||3.7||9.81|
|Rotation Period (Earth days)||58.65||0.99726968|
|Orbit Period (Earth years)||0.24||1.0000174|
1. What does this table do?
(Possible Answers: It compares several facts about the planets Mercury and Earth, including: distance from the Sun, their mass, their gravity, and how long it takes them to rotate (turn around their axis) and orbit (travel all the way around the Sun).
2. What are the advantages of presenting the data in this table? What are the disadvantages?
(Possible Answers: Advantages include an easy comparison and a whittling down of the information available about both planets. Also, the numbers are easier to pick out and compare than they would have been in a text paragraph. The disadvantage is that the table can still be confusing, especially if the people looking at it aren't certain what the units are or what the comparisons mean.)
3. What are some ways this data could be made easier to understand or more interesting, if you had to show it to a group of people during a presentation?
(Possible Answers: A graph or infographic might give this information in a more visual manner, allowing an audience to compare the relative sizes and distances of the two planets without having to do any math in their heads.)
3. Reading Graphics
Have students examine the graphic that follows, and then answer the questions:
How We Regulate
Figure 3 provides an overview of the NRC's regulatory process, which has five main components:
- Developing regulations and guidance for applicants and licensees.
- Licensing or certifying applicants to use nuclear materials, operate nuclear facilities, and decommission facilities.
- Inspecting and assessing licensee operations and facilities to ensure that licensees comply with NRC requirements and taking appropriate followup or enforcement actions when necessary.
- Evaluating operational experience of licensed facilities and activities.
- Conducting research, holding hearings, and obtaining independent reviews to support regulatory decisions.
Source: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
1. What does this graphic represent? Who created it? What might this graphic be used for?
(Possible Answers: This is a visual representation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s process for regulating nuclear plants and the way nuclear and radioactive materials are handled in the United States. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulates nuclear-related activity, which explains the agency’s highly creative name. This graphic may be used to teach the public, state governments, or nuclear plant-running officials what the NRC does, or it may be used to get funding or other benefits from the federal government by explaining that, really, the NRC is always busy.)
2. How many steps are involved? What do the positions of the boxes and arrows tell you about the relationship between the steps?
(Possible Answers: There are five steps involved - rulemaking, licensing, oversight, operational experience, and support. The arrows imply that the first four are involved in a continuous loop, with Step 4 playing “shortstop” between Step1 and Step 3. Step 5, meanwhile, comes into play at each of the first four steps instead of following them.)
Quiz 1 QuestionsHere's an example of a quiz that could be used to test this standard.
Questions 1-10 relate to the following graphic:
Source U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission