ELA: KINDERGARTEN - GRADE 12
LITERACY: GRADES 6 - 12
Standard 6: Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness, or beauty of the text.
Breakin’ it Down:
This standard asks students to figure out the author’s point of view or purpose for writing the text. In many informational texts, the author directly discusses his or her opinion on the topic and gives plenty of evidence to back it up. But occasionally, when the text is especially tough, students might have to scour the text for critical or judgmental words to discern the author’s attitude.
Sometimes, the author presents a balanced or neutral point of view that may be harder for students to identify. This standard may be especially difficult with regard to scientific texts that present point of view only through their interpretation of data or evidence.
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Teaching Guides Using this Standard
- 1984 Teacher Pass
- A Rose For Emily Teacher Pass
- Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Teacher Pass
- Animal Farm Teacher Pass
- Antigone Teacher Pass
- Beowulf Teacher Pass
- Brave New World Teacher Pass
- Death of a Salesman Teacher Pass
- Fahrenheit 451 Teacher Pass
- Fences Teacher Pass
- Frankenstein Teacher Pass
- Grapes Of Wrath Teacher Pass
- Great Expectations Teacher Pass
- Hamlet Teacher Pass
- Julius Caesar Teacher Pass
- King Lear Teacher Pass
- Lord of the Flies Teacher Pass
- Narrative of Frederick Douglass Teacher Pass
- Of Mice and Men Teacher Pass
- Romeo and Juliet Teacher Pass
- The Aeneid Teacher Pass
- The As I Lay Dying Teacher Pass
- The Bluest Eye Teacher Pass
- The Canterbury Tales General Prologue Teacher Pass
- The Canterbury Tales: The Wife of Bath's Prologue Teacher Pass
- The Cask of Amontillado Teacher Pass
- The Catch-22 Teacher Pass
- The Catcher in the Rye Teacher Pass
- The Crucible Teacher Pass
- The Great Gatsby Teacher Pass
- The House on Mango Street Teacher Pass
- The Iliad Teacher Pass
- The Lottery Teacher Pass
- The Metamorphosis Teacher Pass
- The Odyssey Teacher Pass
- The Old Man and the Sea Teacher Pass
- Their Eyes Were Watching God Teacher Pass
- Things Fall Apart Teacher Pass
- To Kill a Mockingbird Teacher Pass
- Twilight Teacher Pass
- Wide Sargasso Sea Teacher Pass
- Wuthering Heights Teacher Pass
Teacher Feature: Ideas for the classroom
1. UNDERSTUDY: Word Wars
Get out those highlighters! As students are reading informational texts, have them highlight words and phrases that indicate judgment or opinion. Then have students use their lists to determine the overall message or tone of the piece.
Note: The nuances of tone can be hard to describe. It may be helpful to review those tone word lists that are suggested by AP exams and other college entrance tests.
2. COLLEGIATE: Messin’ with History
Give students a historical text that is highly judgmental or opinionated (maybe a document on the removal of Native Americans, or a justification for slavery in the colonies.) Have students black out the most opinionated words and phrases and change the wording. Analyze how the substitutions might have changed the message of the piece or even the course of history!
Quiz QuestionsHere's an example of a quiz that could be used to test this standard.
- Guide to Shmoop's Literary Critic Resources
- Jacques Derrida
- Michel Foucault
- SAT Reading 1.2 Passage Comparison
- SAT Reading 1.9 Long Passages
- ACT English 3.5 Passage Drill
- ACT English 3.6 Passage Drill
- ACT Reading 1.1 Prose Fiction
- AP English Language and Composition 1.10 Comprehension
- AP English Language and Composition 1.3 Comprehension
- AP English Language and Composition 1.5 Comprehension
- AP English Language and Composition 1.6 Comprehension
- AP English Language and Composition 1.7 Passage Drill
- AP English Language and Composition 1.9 Comprehension
- AP English Literature and Composition 1.10 Passage Drill 2
- SAT Reading 2.8 Long Passages
- SAT Reading 3.1 Long Passages
- SAT Reading 3.1 Short Passages
- SAT Reading 3.2 Short Passages
- SAT Reading 3.3 Long Passages
- SAT Reading 3.4 Long Passages
- SAT Reading 3.4 Passage Comparison
- SAT Reading 3.8 Long Passages
- AP English Literature and Composition 1.4 Passage Drill 2
- AP English Literature and Composition 1.6 Passage Drill 2
- AP English Literature and Composition 1.8 Passage Drill 2
- What's a Memoir?