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Ellis Island Era Immigration

Ellis Island Era Immigration

 Table of Contents

Ellis Island Era Immigration Statistics

By the Numbers

Total immigration to the United States during the 1880s: 5.2 million
Total immigration to the United States during the 1890s: 3.7 million
Total immigration to the United States during the 1900s: 8.8 million
Total immigration to the United States during the 1910s: 5.7 million
Total immigration to the United States during the 1920s: 4.1 million
Total immigration to the United States during the 1930s: 0.5 million6

Number of Chinese immigrants processed through the Immigration Station at Angel Island, California, between 1910 and 1940: approximately 175,000
Average length of detention at Angel Island for would-be Chinese immigrants: 2 to 3 weeks
Longest length of detention at Angel Island for would-be Chinese immigrants: more than 2 years7

Number of European immigrants processed through the Immigration Station at Ellis Island, New York, between 1892 and 1954: more than 16 million8
Record number of immigrants processed through the Immigration Station at Ellis Island in a single day in 1907: 11,7479

Chinese population of the United States in 1850: 758
Chinese population of the United States in 1860: 35,565
Chinese population of the United States in 1870: 64,565
Chinese population of the United States in 1880: 104,468
Chinese population of the United States in 1890: 106,688
Chinese population of the United States in 1900: 81,534
Chinese population of the United States in 1910: 56,756
Chinese population of the United States in 1920: 43,56010

Percentage of immigrants arriving in New York in 1856 who traveled by sailing vessel: 96%
Typical length of passage from Europe to New York via sailing vessel: 1-3 months
Percentage of immigrants arriving in New York in 1873 who traveled by steamship: 98%
Typical length of passage from Europe to New York via steamship: 10 days11

Percentage of America's foreign-born population in 1860 born in Great Britain, Ireland, or Germany: more than 80%
Percentage of America's foreign-born population in 1910 born in Great Britain, Ireland, or Germany: less than 40%
Percentage of America's foreign-born population in 1860 born in Southern or Eastern Europe: 1.2%%
Percentage of America's foreign-born population in 1910 born in Southern or Eastern Europe: 37.5%12

Percentage of Illinois union members who were native-born Americans in 1886: 21%
Percentage of Illinois union members who were German immigrants in 1886: 33%
Percentage of Illinois union members who were Irish immigrants in 1886: 19%
Percentage of Illinois union members who were Scandinavian immigrants in 1886: 12%
Percentage of Illinois union members who were British immigrants in 1886: 10%
Percentage of Illinois union members who were Polish, Bohemian, or Italian immigrants in 1886: 5%13

Estimated percentage of Communist Party of America members in the early 1920s who were foreign-born: 95%

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