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Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945) was the 32nd President of the United States and the only chief executive to be elected to more than two terms in office. Roosevelt held the presidency from 1934-19...

Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) was the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and a world-renowned advocate of liberal causes in her own right. She became an early hero of the civil rights movemen...

Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover (1874-1964) was a self-made millionaire in the mining industry, a very successful Secretary of Commerce from 1921-28, and a very unsuccessful president of the U.S. from 1929 to 1933....

Upton Sinclair

Upton Sinclair (1878-1968) was an author and socialist political activist. His best known work is The Jungle, a 1906 muckraking assault on the unsanitary and inhumane conditions in the meatpacking...

Francis Townsend

Dr. Francis Townsend (1867-1960) was an American physician who devised the Townsend Plan, a popular proposal for state-funded old-age pensions. The plan promised to end the Great Depression by open...

Huey P. Long

Huey P. Long (1893-1935) was a charismatic Louisiana politician who served as both Governor and U.S. Senator in the early 1930s. A popular—if also, in the eyes of his critics at least, corrup...

Owen J. Roberts

Owen J. Roberts (1875-1955) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1930-45. Though he was best known for serving as the crucial swing vote on a court deeply divided over t...
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