Log In

My Passes

Sign Up
Learning Guides
Teacher Resources
Test Prep
College Readiness
Schools & Districts
All of Shmoop
Literature
Bible
Poetry
Shakespeare
Mythology
Bestsellers
Dr. Seuss
PreAlgebra
Algebra
Algebra II
Geometry
Biology
US History
Flashcards
DMV
Careers
SAT
ACT
AP Exams
En Español
Essay Lab
Videos
Literary Critics
Shmoop Shtuff
Cite This Page
To Go
Basic Statistics & Probability
Home
PreAlgebra
Basic Statistics & Probability
Topics
Intro
Topics
Examples
Exercises
Terms
Best of the Web
Quizzes
Handouts
Table of Contents
Advertisement
Basic Statistics & Probability Topics
Basic Statistics & Probability explanations, examples, practice problems. Ready? Let's do this.
Designing a Study
There's a high probability (see what we did there?) that at some point in your probability/statistics unit, your teacher will ask you to do a datagathering statistics project. Don't worry, we can...
Mean, Median, Mode & Range
The most commonly used statistic is the average, or finding where the middle of the data lies. There are three ways to measure the average: the mean, median, and mode. Why three ways...
Stem & Leaf Plots
Stem and Leaf Plots can be used to analyze data and display data all at the same time. This is a way of showing each data value along with its relationship to the other values.If you...
Histograms
Histograms are another convenient way to display data. A histogram looks similar to a bar graph, but instead of plotting each individual data value on the xaxis (the horizontal one), a ra...
Box & Whisker Plots
Boxandwhisker plots are a handy way to display data broken into four quartiles, each with an equal number of data values. The boxandwhisker plot doesn't show frequency, and it doesn't...
Scatter Plots & Correlation
Scatter plots are an awesome way to display twovariable data (that is, data with only two variables) and make predictions based on the data. These types of plots show individual data val...
Evaluating Data & Making Conjectures
Ok, so by now we've worked our data hardcore in the exercises on the previous pages. We totaled raw numbers, calculated averages, and made pretty plots and histograms to show off the data. Now, w...
Basic Probability
We think it's highly likely that you've already dealt with probability today. Did you see the weather forecast? Is there a 30% chance of rain? Did you decide not to study for your foreign l...
And vs. Or Probability
In probability, there's a very important distinction between the words and and or. And means that the outcome has to satisfy both conditions at the same time. Or means that the outcome h...
Complementary & Mutually Exclusive Events
Complementary events are two outcomes of an event that are the only two possible outcomes. This is like flipping a coin and getting heads or tails. Of course, there are no other options, so t...
Predicting vs. Observing Probability
There are two ways to calculate probability  either by using math to predict, or by actually observing the event and keeping score. Theoretical probability uses math to predict the outcomes. Just...
Compound Events
In the world of probability, compound events are probabilities of two or more things happening at once. For example, what is the probability that you forgot to do your homework and there will be a...
Basic Counting Principle
Now that you have learned all the hard ways to chart possible outcomes using organized lists, tree diagrams, and area models, it's time to learn the elegant short cut. Basic counting princip...
Factorials
Factorials help count things like arrangements of items or order of events. Let's say that you have six books to organize on your bookshelf...Use a factorial to count how many possible ways you...
Need help with College?