Roots of Common Terms in Biogeography
L = Latin, G = Greek, S = Sanskrit
Abiotica = without, bios = life (G)
Biogeographybios = life, + geographia from ge = earth and graphia = writing (G)
Biomefrom bios = life (G)
Biotafrom biote = life (G)
Climatefrom klima = zone (G).Originally meaning a zone between two lines of latitude, climate later evolved into the term for atmospheric conditions of a region.
Desertfrom desertum = something left, waste (L)
Dispersalfrom dis = widely, spargare = scatter (L)
Equatorfrom aequare = make equal (L)
Gondwanafrom gondavana = forest of Gond (S)
Habitatfrom habitare = inhabit (L)
Latitudefrom latus = broad (L)
Laurasiaa combination of Asia and Laurentia, which refers to North America
Marinemarinusfrom mare = sea (L)
Pangaeafrom pan = all + gaia = Earth (G)
Radiationradiate = to spread outward from a single point, from radius = ray, spoke (L)
Terrestrialterrestris from terra = Earth (L)
Tropicstropikos from trope = turning (G)
Vicariancefrom vicarius = substitute (L). This is the same root in the word vicarious, which your grandma might use to tell you she's living vicariously through you when you're out partying on the weekends and she's stuck playing bingo at the retirement home.
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