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James Meredith (1933- ) was a student at the all-black Jackson State College who became the first black student to enroll at the all-white University of Mississippi.

In September 1962, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) pressured President Kennedy into federalizing Mississippi troops to enforce a federal court ruling to allow Meredith to enroll at the all-white University of Mississippi. White students at the University rioted in protest, leaving two people dead.

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