Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was the sixteenth president of the United States during one of the most consequential periods in American history, the Civil War. Before being elected president, Lincoln served in the Illinois legislature and lost an election for the U.S. Senate to Stephen A. Douglas. It's okay, though. He didn't do much losing after that one.
His fierce campaign earned him a nomination for the presidency. He also earned three Oscar nominations, but that fact was buried under all the "war" and "president" stuff. He was great in the biopic about the life of Daniel Day Lewis. The first Republican president ever, Lincoln led the Union to victory in the Civil War and ended slavery in America. Whoop-dee-doo, right?
With firm conviction, Lincoln declared South Carolina's secession illegal and pledged to go to war to protect the federal union in 1861. Well, he wasn't going to go to war himself exactly,but he was definitely going to send a bunch of other people to go in his place. It's basically the same thing. During the four years of the American Civil War, the president steered the North to victory, making sure to turn on his right turn signal on his way into Alabama. Primarily, he authored the Emancipation Proclamation, which dealt a severe blow to the institution of slavery.
Lincoln was a thoughtful and soft-spoken man who used words sparingly but was really, really good with them. In fact, he was so quiet that most of his brilliant quotes are probably lost to us. It's either that, or he just didn't want everyone to know he had to use the facilities.
Thankfully, some of his brilliance was captured in the Gettysburg Address, in which he convincingly compared the ongoing Civil War to the founding principles of America in less than two minutes. It's not that there was a prize for speed, but it was still impressive. Lincoln's assassination on April 14, 1865 removed his politically moderate influence from the national stage and paved the way to a more radical form of Reconstruction. If you hear a bunch of hooting and hollering, it's probably just the Reconstruction workers.